Regulation of the Immune Response by Eicosanoid Acids

Part of the Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Cancer book series (PLAC, volume 4)


Oxygenated arachidonic acid derivatives are metabolites that issue from both the cyclooxygenase and the lipoxygenase pathways and act as important local immunoregulators. The cyclooxygenase products, especially the prostaglandins (PGs), are being thoroughly investigated with regard to their role in the immune response. Inhibition of lymphocyte activity is the main function of prostaglandins as immunoregulators, and PGE2 may be viewed as a macrophage messenger for an inhibitory signal to lymphocytes (1). It is likely that PGE2 is a biological mediator of a physiologic negative feedback mechanism following stimulation by antigens (2).


Arachidonic Acid Mouse Peritoneal Macrophage Lipoxygenase Pathway Eicosatetraenoic Acid Lymphocyte Membrane 
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© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston 1985

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