Webster defines a flood as “a great body of water overflowing the land; an inundation.” Thus, flooding can occur because abnormal streamflow spills out of the channel, or when lake or ocean waters are driven onto adjacent lands by unusual storms or tidal action. Floods may be either natural events or produced by human interference. Indeed, floods are the price mankind must pay for occupancy of low-lying topography. Such lands were created in valleys by the rivers that occur there. This very normal relationship becomes hazard-prone terrane to the communities that have settled into such an environment.
KeywordsClay Income Sandstone Shale Turkey
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