Ends and Means in Planning

  • Edward C. Banfield


The word planning is given a bewildering variety of meanings. To some it means socialism. To others, the layout and design of cities. To still others, regional development schemes like TVA, measures to control the business cycle, or “scientific management” in industry. It would be easy to overemphasize what these activities have in common; their differences are certainly more striking than their similarities. Nevertheless, there may be a method of making decisions which is to some extent common to all these fields and to others as well, and that the logical structure of this method can usefully be elaborated as a theory of planning.


Rational Choice Conceptual Scheme Housing Authority City Planner Bewildering Variety 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. From The International Social Science Journal, vol. 11, no. 3 (1959), pp. 361–368.Google Scholar
  2. Martin Meyerson and E.C. Banfield, Politics, Planning, and the Public Interest.Google Scholar
  3. Chester I. Barnard,The Functions of the Executive(Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1938), 158.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward C. Banfield
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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