Environmental Management in Developing Countries

  • Frank D. Schaumburg

Abstract

Environmental management is a relatively new and sophisticated term to describe a very old concept, i.e., an organized way to solve problems relating to the natural environment. There are about as many concepts of environmental management as there are advisors, consultants and other so-called experts in the environmental field. The success of environmental management programs in protecting environmental quality varies considerably, however. A commonly used form of ‘management’, and a very poor concept because it is not really management, is simply response to environmental problems and crises as they arise. Even countries like the USA, with seemingly comprehensive and sophisticated environmental programs, began with the ‘response to crisis’ approach in the 1940’s, 1950’s and early 1960’s, i.e., during its period of rapid industrial development.

Keywords

Europe Sludge Sewage Lime 

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References

  1. Schaumburg, F.D., July, 1975, Nature — an important factor in management of the total environment, Progress in Water Technology. (Also reprinted in the Japanese water pollution control journal, Mizu, May, 1975).Google Scholar
  2. Schaumburg, F.D., and Antonucci, D., Nov. 1975, Environmental effects of advanced wastewater treatment at South Lake Tahoe, California, Journal Water Pollution Control Federation.Google Scholar
  3. Schaumburg, F.D., 1979, Critical path for environmental management in developing countries of Latin America, Journal of Environmental Systems, 9.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank D. Schaumburg
    • 1
  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

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