Also known as German measles or 3-day measles, rubella is a mild exanthematous viral infection that affects children primarily. Young adults also can be infected by this virus; therefore, the most important problem associated with rubella is its occurrence during pregnancy. Except for rubella infecting pregnant women, there are practically no complications worth discussing. Prior to the knowledge that rubella could cause congenital anomalies if acquired during pregnancy, the only real importance of the infection was that it needed to be differentiated from more important, and potentially more serious, exanthems such as rubeola and scarlet fever. German investigators in the early 19th century succeeded in making this differential diagnosis; this fact probably accounts for its popular appellation, “German measles.”


Vaccine Virus Rubella Virus Measle Vaccine Maternal Infection Scarlet Fever 
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© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marvin S. Amstey

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