Psychosocial Stress and Pregnancy
Psychosocial stress during pregnancy may be measured and thus defined in various ways. We refer to stress as an event or situation that causes change in a person’s daily life and that generally is perceived as threatening to him/her, either physically or psychologically. The perception may be positive or negative, though that which is perceived as negative seems to have more of an impact on the individual. Major life events such as divorce or the death of a child require adaptation on the part of the individual, and standard measures have been developed that provide indices of the intensity of the stress imposed on a person by the occurrence of these events. The daily problems or “hassles” of life also contribute to an individual’s stress. Psychological or environmental problems such as marital discord, lack of a partner, or insufficient financial resources are sources of such chronic psychosocial stress.
KeywordsCholesterol Depression Dopamine Cortisol Anemia
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