Oxide Single Crystal Growth
Processing of ceramics from the liquid phase includes glass formation, glass-ceramics, fusion casting of refractories eutectic solidification, and single crystal growth. Ceramics include oxides, borides, carbides, and nitrides. This paper will, however, only discuss oxide single crystal growth as a form of processing. Borides, carbides, and nitrides generally sublime at very high temperatures rather than melt and, therefore, they are not processed from the liquid phase. Oxides can be processed from the liquid phase. The reasons why it is preferable to process them as single crystals if high technology applications are required will be discussed. The paper will also cover the factors that have allowed oxide single crystal growth to go from the laboratory to the factory by covering the modern crystal growth processing techniques. Materials and applications will be covered in the course of discussion.
KeywordsFurnace Graphite Zirconia Convection Carbide
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