Medical Applications of Elemental Analysis Using Fluorescence Techniques

  • Paul A. Feller
  • James G. Kereiakes
  • Stephen R. Thomas

Abstract

Elemental analysis using X-ray fluorescence had its beginnings in the early 1900s with the discovery of characteristic X-ray line spectra. One of the earliest uses of the technique was to determine the elemental composition of mineral samples. During the last 15 years, much progress has been made in X-ray detection and analysis systems, so that fluorescence analysis techniques are being used in many different fields. Modern applications include analyzing environmental pollutants near urban and industrial areas, analyzing commercial products for impurities, determining the constituents of geological and archaeological samples, as well as applications in the field of criminology. In recent years, fluorescence analysis has received much attention from the medical community because of its usefulness in determining concentrations of naturally occurring trace elements and changes in these concentrations due to pathological conditions, and in detecting elements deliberately introduced into the body as tracers.

Keywords

Graphite Lithium Attenuation Osteoporosis Cobalt 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul A. Feller
    • 1
  • James G. Kereiakes
    • 2
  • Stephen R. Thomas
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyThe Jewish HospitalCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Cincinnati College of MedicineCincinnatiUSA

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