Infant Crying pp 263-277 | Cite as

When Empathy Fails

Aversive Infant Crying and Child Abuse
  • Ann Frodi


In recent years, there has been a growing research interest in the various qualities of the infant cry. In some investigations, the acoustic features of the cry have been analyzed (e. g., Vuorenkoski, Lind, Wasz-Höckert, & Partanen,1971; Zeskind & Lester,1978), whereas in others, the effects of the cries on the listener have been examined (e. g., Frodi, Lamb, Leavitt, & Donovan, 1978; Frodi & Lamb, 1980b; Lounsbury, 1978). This chapter will focus on the latter. Within this perspective, the infant cry is seen as a proximity-eliciting and proximity-maintaining signal, which is functional virtually from the time of birth.


Premature Infant Child Abuse Skin Conductance Heart Rate Response Aversive Stimulus 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ann Frodi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of RochesterRochesterUSA

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