Alternatives to Treatment with Minor Tranquilizers in Adolescent Patients

  • Gerhardt Nissen


Fear and anxiety are both necessary and useful emotions for the normal development of a human being. A child grows and matures under the protection of various concrete forms of fear. Fear of separation prevents him from leaving his mother. Fear of the environment emphasises his sense of security within the family circle. Fear or anxiety are thus to be numbered among the earliest experiences of a child. (See Table 1.)


Anorexia Nervosa Endogenous Depression Affective Psychos Major Tranquilliser Schizophrenic Psychos 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Freyhan, F.A., Psychomotilität extrapyramidale Syndrome und Wirkungsweisen neuroleptischer Therapien (Chlorpromazin, Reserpin, Prochlorperacin). Nervenarzt28, 504 (1957)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Langen, D., Jäger, A., Die Pubertätskrisen und ihre Weiterentwicklungen. Z. Ges. Neurol. Psychiat. 19 (1964)Google Scholar
  3. Nissen, G., Discussion. In Helmchen, H.(Editor): Anti- epileptische Langzeitmedikation, p. 200 (Karger, Basle/Munich/Paris/London/New York/Sydney 1975)Google Scholar
  4. Nissen, G, Behavioural disorders in children and the possibilities offered by drugs in their treatment. In Birkmayer, W. (Editor): Epileptic seizures — behaviour — pain, Int. Symp., St. Moritz 1975, p. 230 (Huber, Berne/Stuttgart/Vienna 1976)Google Scholar
  5. Nissen, G., Spilimbergo, A., Flach, D., Tegretol bei kindlichen Verhaltensstörungen. Polycopied manuscript (CIBA-GEIGY, Basle 1976)Google Scholar
  6. Okuma, T., Inanage, K., Otsuki, S., Sarai, K., Takahashi, R., Hazama, H., Mori, A., Watanabe, M., Comparison of the antimanic efficacy of carbamazepine and chlorpromazine: A double-blind controlled study. Psychopharmacology66, 211 (1979)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerhardt Nissen
    • 1
  1. 1.Jugendpsychiatrie der UniversitätWürzburgGermany

Personalised recommendations