Epidemiology of African Swine Fever Virus

  • Y. Becker
Part of the Developments in Veterinary Virology book series (DVVI, volume 3)


African swine fever virus (ASFV), which prevails in Eastern and Southern Africa as a mild disease-causing agent in warthogs, found a most sensitive host in the domesticated pig. In the latter, ASFV affects the reticuloendothelial cells and causes the death of the host without a response from the immune system. ASFV made its appearance in Europe in the 1960s, infecting pigs in the Iberian peninsula, and causing great economic losses as a result. ASFV spread to France, causing local epidemics in 1964, 1968 and 1974. The year 1978 marked the appearance of ASFV in Malta and Sardinia, as well as in Brazil, followed by epidemics in the Dominican Republic and Haiti (1979) and Cuba (1980). The ASF epidemics were halted by destruction of the pig populations in the affected countries. This led to eradication of the disease, except in Sardinia, where the virus escaped into the wild pig population. After a hiatus of several years, ASFV caused an epidemic in Belgium in 1985 and in The Netherlands in 1986. Rapid methods of diagnosis, strict control of pig movements, and the elimination of infected pigs put a stop to the outbreak.


Dominican Republic Eradication Program African Swine Fever Virus Reticuloendothelial Cell Sensitive Host 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Montgomery, R.E. On the form of wine fever occurring in British East Africa (Kenya colony). J. Comp. Pathol. 34: 159–191; 243–262, 1921.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    PIowright, W . Vector transmission of Africa n swine fever virus in a hog cholera /classical swine fever. EUR 5904 EN, Commission of the European Communities, pp. 575–587, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sanchez-Botiza, D . Estudìos sabre la peste porcina africana en Espana. Bull. Off. Int. Epiz. 58: 707–727, 1962.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Manso-Ribeiro, J. and Rosa Azevedo, J.A. Reappartion de la peste porcine africaine (PPA) au Portugal. Bull. Off. Int. Epiz. 55: 88–106, 1961.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carnero, R., Gayot, G., Costes, C., Delclos, G. and Plateau, F. Peste porcine africaine; données epidemiologiques syrnptomalogiques et anatornopatologiques collectées en France en 1964 et pouvant servir de base au diagnostic clinique. Bull. Soc. Sci. Vet. Med. 76: 349–358, 1974.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Balbo, S.M. and Iannizzotto, G. Epizootological investigation, prophylâxis and eradication of African swine fever in Malta. African Swine Fever, EUR 8466 EN, Commission of the European Communities, pp. 42–46, 1983.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Contini, A., Cossu, P., Rutili, D. and Firinu, A. African swine fever in Sardinia. Ibid, pp. 1–6.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Negrin, R.E.S. Development in Cuba of a proqram for eradication of African swine fever in 1980. Ibid, pp. 36–41.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    de Paula Lyra, T.M. Programme of control against swine fever in Brazil. Ibid, pp. 25–35.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    de Paula Lyra, T.M., Pavez, M. M. and de Morai s Andrade, C. Serological study of African swine fever in pig populations of Southern Brazil. Ibid, pp. 47–62.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rivera, E.M. African swine fever in the Dominican Republic. Ibid, pp. 17–24.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ordas, A., Sanchez-Botiza, C., Bruyel, V. and Olias, J. African swine fever: The current situation in Spain, ibid, pp. 7–11.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Botiza, C . Reservorios del virus de la peste porcina africana. Bull. Off. Int. Epiz. 60: 895–899, 1963.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vigario, J.D., Castro Portugal, F.L., Festas, M.B. and Vasco, S.B. The present state of African svine fever in Portugal. African Swine Fever, EUR 8466 EN Commission of the European Communities, pp. 12–16.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Becker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Virology, Faculty of MedicineThe Hebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations