Temporary and Permanent Pacemaker Therapy

  • Elliott M. Antman
  • John D. Rutherford


Temporary cardiac pacing can be achieved by four basic techniques: thump pacing, external transthoracic electrical pacing, percutaneous transthoracic pacing, and transvenous endocar-dial pacing.


Catheter Flare Sponge Perforation Verapamil 


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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elliott M. Antman
    • 1
  • John D. Rutherford
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Cardiovascular DivisionBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.CardiologistGreen Lane HospitalAucklandNew Zealand

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