Generalizing Explanations of Narratives into Schemata

  • Raymond J. Mooney
Part of the The Kluwer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 12)


This paper describes a natural language system which improves its performance through learning. The system processes short English narratives and from a single narrative acquires a new schema for a stereotypical set of actions. During the understanding process, the system constructs explanations for characters’ actions in terms of the goals they were meant to achieve. If a character achieves a common goal in a novel way, it generalizes the set of actions used to achieve this goal into a new schema. The generalization process is a knowledge-based analysis of the narrative’s causal structure which removes unnecessary details while maintaining the validity of the explanation. The resulting generalized set of actions is then stored as a new schema and used by the system to process narratives which were previously beyond its capabilities.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond J. Mooney
    • 1
  1. 1.Coordinated Science LaboratoryUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

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