Cyst Nematodes pp 179-189 | Cite as

Concepts of Resistance, Tolerance and Susceptibility in Relation to Cyst Nematodes

  • David L. Trudgill
Part of the Nato ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 121)

Abstract

Where one organism lives on or within and is dependent upon another there may be a range of relationships from symbiosis (mutualism) to predator/prey. Between are the parasite/host and, if the parasite damages its host, the pathogen/host relationship. Cyst nematodes cause damage and are therefore pathogens, but Koch’s postulates cannot readily be applied to them; in part this is because they multiply and spread much less rapidly than many other plant pathogens and, in part, because the damage they cause is usually proportional to their population density at planting.

Keywords

Glycine Resis Cote Peru Verticillium 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson, S., and Anderson, K., 1982, Suggestions for determination and terminology of pathotypes and genes for resistance in cyst-forming nematodes, especially Heterodera avenae, EPPO Bull., 12: 379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anon., 1968,Plant-disease development and control, National Academy of Sciences Publication, 1956.Google Scholar
  3. Chew, B., 1979, The study of genetic control of resistance to nematodes in oats (Avena spp): with observations on the nature of resistance and plant growth response to cereal cyst nematode, Heterodera avenae, Ph.D. Thesis, Aberystwyth, University College of Wales.Google Scholar
  4. Cook, R., and Evans, K., 1986, Resistance and tolerance, in “Principles and Practice of Nematode Control”, R.H. Brown and B.R. Kerry, eds., Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  5. Dale, M.F.B., and Phillips, M.S., 1985, Variation for the degree of susceptibility to the potato cyst nematode (Globodera pallida) with tuberosum ssp. tuberosum, Potato Research, 28: 55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Evans, K., 1982, Interactions between Globodeva pallida 3 G. rostochiensis and Verticillium dahliae on four potato cultivars, Nematolpgica, 28: 143.Google Scholar
  7. Evans, K., 1984, Effects of infestation with Globodera rostochiensis (Wollen weber) Behrens Rol in the growth of four potato cultivars, Crop Protection, 1: 169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Evans, R., and Franco, J., 1979, Tolerance to cyst-nematode attack in commercial potato cultivars and some possible mechanisms for its operation, Nematologica, 25: 153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fisher, J.M., 1982, Towards a consistent laboratory assay for resistance to Heteroders avenae, EPPO Bull., 12: 445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Flor, H.H., 1942, Inheritance of pathogenicity in a cross between physiological races 22 and 24 of Melampsova lini, Phytopathology, 35: 5.Google Scholar
  11. Flor, H.H., 1971, Current status of the gene-for-gene concept, Ann. Rev. Phytopath., 9: 275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Forrest, J.M.S., Trudgill, D.L., and Cotes, L.M., 1986, The fate of juveniles of Globodera rostochiensis Rol in roots of susceptible and resistant potato cultivars with gene Hl, Nematologica, (in press).Google Scholar
  13. Franco, J., 1982, Potato cyst nematode, Annual Report for1982, International Potato Centre, Peru, 56 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Huijsman, C.A., 1974, Host plants of Hetevodeva rostochiensis Woll. and the breeding for resistance, EPPO Bull., 4: 501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Huijsman, C.A., Klinkenburg, C.H., and den Ouden, H., 1969, Tolerance of Hetevodeva vostochiensis Woll. among potato varieties and its relation to certain characteristics of root anatomy, Eur. Potato J., 12: 134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kort, J., Ross, H., Rumpenhorst, H.J., and Stone, A.R., 1977, An international scheme for identifying and classifying pathotypes of potato cyst-nematodes Globodeva vostochiensis and G. pallida, Nematologica, 23: 333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mugniery, D., 1985, Resistance des solanacees Globodeva pallida et influence de certains facteurs sur les résultats des tests de resistance, EPPO Bull., 15: 199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Phillips, M.S., 1984, The effect of initial population density on the reproduction of Globodeva pallida on partially resistance potato clones derived from Solanum vevnei, Nematologica, 30: 57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Phillips, M.S., 1985, Environmental differences and their effect on the assessment of quantitative resistance to potato cyst nematodes, EPPO Bull., 15: 179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Phillips, M.S., and Trudgill, D.L., 1983, Variations in the ability of Globodeva pallida to produce females on potato clones bred from Solanum vevnei or S. tubevosum ssp. andigena CPC 2802. Nematologica, 29: 217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Phillips, M.S., and Trudgill, D.L., 1986, A comparison of the assessment of partial resistance of potato clones to different populations and densities of Globodeva pallida in a pot test and field trial, Nematologica, (in press).Google Scholar
  22. Phillips, M.S., Forrest, J.M.S., and Hayter, A.M., 1979, Genotype x environment interaction for resistance to the white potato cyst nematode (Globodeva pallida, pathotype E) in Solanum vevnei x S. tubevosum hybrids, Euphytica, 28: 515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Robinson, R.A., 1969, Disease resistance terminology, Rev. appl. Mycol., 48: 593.Google Scholar
  24. Schaffer, J.F., 1971, Tolerance to plant disease, Ann. Rev. Phytopath. 9: 235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Seinhorst, J.W., 1975, Dynamics of the plant nematode system, inNematode Vectors of Plant Viruses”, F. Lamberti, C.E. Taylor and J.W. Seinhorst, eds, Plenum Press, London.Google Scholar
  26. Seinhorst, J.W., 1984, Relationship between population density of potato cyst nematodes and measured degrees of susceptibility (resistance) of resistant potato cultivars and between this density and cyst content in the new generation, Nematologica, 30: 66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Seinhorst, J.W., and den Ouden, H., 1971, The relation between density of Hetevodeva vostochiensis and growth and yield of two potato varieties, Nematologica, 17: 347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Seinhorst, J.W., and Kozlowska, J., 1977, Damage to carrot by Rotylenchus uniformis, with a discussion on the cause of increase of tolerance during the development of the plant, Nematologica, 23: 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Trudgill, D.L., 1986a, Potato cyst nematodes: a critical review of the current pathotype scheme, EPPO Bull., 15: 273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Trudgill, D.L., 1986b, Prospects for decreasing yield losses caused by potato cyst nematodes, Ann. appi. Biol., 108: 181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Trudgill, D.L., and Cotes, L.M., 1983a, Differences in the tolerance of potato cultivars to potato cyst nematodes (Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida) in field trials with and without nematicides, Ann, appi. Biol., 102: 373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Trudgill, D.L., and Cotes, L.M., 1983b, Tolerance of potato cyst nematodes (Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida) in relation to the growth and efficiency of the root system, Ann, appi. Biol., 102: 385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Trudgill, D.L., Holliday, J.M., Mathias, P.L., French, N., Mackintosh, G.M., and Tones, S.J., 1983, Effect of the nematicide oxamyl on the multiplication of Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida and on the haulm growth and yield of six potato cultivars with different levels of resistance and tolerance, Ann, appi. Biol., 103: 477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Trudgill, D.L., Mathias, P.L., and Tones, S.J., 1985, Effects of three rates of aldicarb and of different degrees of resistance and tolerance in potato cultivars on yield and post harvest population densities of the potato cyst nematodes Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida, Ann, appi. Biol., 107: 219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vanderplank, J.E., 1963, Plant Diseases: epidemics and control, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  36. Vanderplank, J.E., 1982, Host-pathogen interactions in plant disease, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  37. Whitehead, A.G., Tite, D.J., Fraser, J.E., French, E.M., and Short, L., 1980, Effects of aldicarb and oxamyl in peaty loam soils on potato cyst nematode, Globodera rostochiensis and on resistant and susceptible potatoes, J. Agric. Sci., 95: 213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Whitehead, A.G., Tite, D.J., Fraser, J.E., and Nichols, A.J.F., 1984, Differential control of potato cyst-nematodes, Globodera rostochiensis and G. pallida by oxamyl and the yields of resistant and susceptible potatoes in treated and untreated soils, Ann, appi. Biol., 105: 231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Trudgill
    • 1
  1. 1.Scottish Crop Research InstituteInvergowrie, DundeeScotland

Personalised recommendations