Odor Images: Responses of Beaver to Castoreum Fractions
The ideal way to bioassay a mammalian pheromone is to experiment with freely moving animals in a natural setting, and intact social units. The year-round family territories of the North American beaver, Castor canadensis, provide such an opportunity. Being largely nocturnal, beaver have depended on their chemical senses for social communication, food selection, and possibly other behaviors such as orientation in space, and predator detection and avoidance.
KeywordsScent Mark Dimethyl Disulfide Anal Gland Odor Sample Castor Fiber
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Albone, E. S., 1984, “Mammalian Semiochemistry: The Investigation of Chemical Signals Between Mammals,” Wiley, Chichester.Google Scholar
- Bollinger, K. S., 1980, Scent marking behavior of beaver (Castor canadensis), M. S. Thesis, Univ. Massachusetts.Google Scholar
- Boyce, M. S ., 1981, Habitat ecology of an unexploited population of beavers in interior Alaska, in “Proceedings Worldwide Furbearer Conf.,” Joseph A. Chapman, and Wayne Pursley, eds., Vol. 1, 1981, Frostburg, MD.Google Scholar
- Claesson, A., and Silverstein, R. M., 1977, Chemical methodology in the study of mammalian communication, in: “Chemical Signals in Vertebrates,” D. Muller-Schwarze, and M. M. Mozell, eds., Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
- Collins, T. C., 1976, Population Characteristics and Habitat Relationships of Beavers, Castor canadensis, in Northwest Wyoming, Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Wyoming.Google Scholar
- Grønneberg, T. Ø., 1978-79, Analysis of a wax ester fraction from the anal gland secretion of beaver (Castor fiber) by chemical ionization mass spectrometry, Chemica Scripta, 13: 56.Google Scholar
- Lederer, E., 1950, Odeurs et parfums des animaux, Fortschr. Chem. org. Naturstoffe, 6: 87.Google Scholar
- Melrose, D. R., Reed, H. C. B., and Patterson, R. L. S., 1971, Androgen steroids associated with boar odour as an aid to the detection of oestrus in pig artificial insemination, Brit. Vet. J., 127: 497.Google Scholar
- Muller-Schwarze, D., Heckman, S., and Stagge, B., 1983, Behavior of free- ranging beaver ( Castor canadensis) at scent marks, Acta Zool. Fenn., 174: 111.Google Scholar
- Nordstrom, W. R., 1972, Comparison : Trapped and Untrapped Beaver Populations in New Brunswick, M. S. Thesis, Univ. New Brunswick.Google Scholar
- Smith, A. B., III, Belcher, A. M., and Epple, G., 1985, Computerized pattern recognition: A new technique for the analysis of chemical communication, Science, 228: 175.Google Scholar