Pheromones and Reproduction in Garter Snakes

  • William R. Garstka
  • David Crews


Darwin (1871) distinguished between sexual and natural selection, viewing them as separate, often apposing processes. Evolutionary biologists have shown how those behavioral traits associated with perpetuation of the individual’s genome, such as courtship displays, are under different selective pressures than are those associated with survival of the individual, such as thermoregulation. In the first instance, sexual selection may lead to conspicuous or extremely rapid evolution of a trait, whereas in the latter instance, natural selection will give rise to less dramatic and/or rapid changes (Arnold and Houck, 1982; Kirkpatrick, 1982; Lande, 1980, 1981).


Sexual Selection Hinge Region Courtship Behavior Estradiol Treatment Dermal Tissue 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • William R. Garstka
    • 1
  • David Crews
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. Biol. Sci.University of AlabamaHuntsvilleUSA
  2. 2.Inst. Reprod. BiolUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

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