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Temperature and Voltage Analysis of a Protection Scheme for Large Energy Storage Coils

  • J. Waynert
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 31)

Abstract

Large superconducting energy storage coils, typically 5000 MWh, require a method of internally dumping their stored energy in an emergency situation. The present scenario envisages: a dump situation is detected; large switch is activated which shorts all conductor turns and shorts the cold structure; liquid helium dump valve is activated; pressurized room temperature helium gas forces liquid helium from cryostat into a reservoir in 5 to 10 seconds; as the turns are uncovered, they go normal but much of the energy is coupled to the other turns still covered with liquid helium and the structure. The system tends to warm up uniformly because of the coupling. Results are presented for the temperature and voltage distribution for the coil with and without the switch. The analysis improves on previous work in accounting for the imperfect coupling between conductor turns and the beneficial effects of having the conductor in electrical contact with the structure, yet electrically insulated from the other turns.

Keywords

Liquid Helium Pure Aluminum Parallel Case High Purity Aluminum Large Temperature Difference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    R. W. Boom and R. F. Bischke, Inductor-converter superconductive magnetic energy storage, Physics in Technology, The Institute of Physics, 13: 18 (1982).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Y. M. Eyssa et al., An energy dump concept for large energy storage coils, in: “Proc. 9th Symposium on Eng. Problems of Fusion,” IEEE Pub. 81CH1715-2, IEEE, New York (1981), p. 259.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Iwasa, M. W. Sinclair, Protection of large superconducting magnets maximum permissible undetected quench voltage, Cryogenics 20: 711 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Waynert
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied Superconductivity CenterUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA

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