Adaptive and Affective Roles of the Emotions

  • Benjamin Kissin
Part of the Psychobiology of Human Behavior book series (PSPS, volume 1)


All motivational and emotional reactivities are part of a single behavioral system established to insure the satisfaction of the basic motivational needs. Motivation and emotions may be seen as two sides of a single coin where all motivational experiences have an emotional component and all emotional experiences a motivational component. For example, hunger, usually identified as a purely motivational state, is almost always associated with a generalized state of bodily tension (restlessness, discomfort, and so on) the relief of which is the major driving force in food-seeking behavior. Similarly fear, most often considered an emotional reactivity, is usually associated with some motivational drive (fear of pain, of danger, of falling) or even, as in anxiety, fear of fear. In each case the emotional component plays a strong organizing physiological role in facilitating behavior that will satisfy basic motivational drives—to obtain pleasure, to relieve an internally produced tension, or to avoid pain.


Emotional Expression Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Limbic System Arousal Level Emotional Feeling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benjamin Kissin
    • 1
  1. 1.Health Science CenterState University of New YorkBrooklynUSA

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