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Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics in a Dithered Ring Laser Gyroscope or Quantum Noise in Pure and Applied Physics

  • W. Schleich
  • P. Dobiasch
  • V. E. Sanders
  • M. O. Scully
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 135)

Abstract

In the year 1851 Foucault demonstrated that the slow rotation of the plane of vibration of a pendulum could be used as evidence of the earth’s own rotation. Nowadays high precision measurements of the earth’s rotation are performed by using radio telescopes in Very Long Baseline interferometry [1]. However, a recent proposal [2] takes advantage of the ultra high sensitivity of a ring laser gyroscope [3] of 10m diameter to monitor changes in earth rate* or Universal time. The underlying principle of such a device is the optical analogue of the Foucault pendulum, the so-called Sagnac effect [5,6]. The frequencies of two counterpropagating waves in a ring interferometer are slightly different when the interferometer is rotating about an axis perpendicular to its plane. Since this frequency difference is proportional to the rotation rate it provides a direct measure of the rotation of the system.

Keywords

Rotation Rate Langevin Equation Quantum Noise Beat Frequency Ring Laser 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Schleich
    • 2
  • P. Dobiasch
    • 1
  • V. E. Sanders
    • 3
  • M. O. Scully
    • 4
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für QuantenoptikGarching bei MünchenWest Germany
  2. 2.Center for Theoretical PhysicsUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  3. 3.Rockwell Int. A.M.S.D.AnaheimUSA
  4. 4.Institute for Modern OpticsUniversity of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

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