The Neuroendocrine System

  • Janice M. Bahr


Neuroendocrinology is the study of the interaction between the nervous and endocrine systems. The premier site of this interaction is that of the hypothalamus and pituitary. The hypothalamus acts as a central station where neural and hormonal messages arising from internal and external stimuli are decoded and the appropriate message sent to the anterior pituitary. The Moore-Price theory, published in 1930, suggested a reciprocal influence between the gonads and the pituitary. The pituitary elaborated a gonad-stimulating hormone. In turn the gonads were thought to produce hormones that suppress the pituitary in a negative manner. This interaction was described as a seesaw, or a push-pull effect. The results of these experiments suggested that the anterior pituitary is the master gland that controls the gonads, adrenal cortex, and thyroid. This concept persisted until the late 1940s.


Pituitary Gland Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide Anterior Pituitary Pituitary Hormone Median Eminence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janice M. Bahr
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal ScienceUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

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