Oocyte Fusion

  • Bela J. Gulyas
Part of the Developmental Biology book series (DEBO, volume 4)

Abstract

Membrane fusion is paramount to many cellular and subcellular functions of eukaryotic cells. It occurs continuously between intracellular organelles. For example, endocytotic vesicles are formed by the fusion of smaller vesicles, which in turn coalesce with components of the Golgi or lysosomes (see review, Meldolesi et al., 1979). Membrane fusion also plays a prominent role in endocytosis of extracellular substances and exocytotic discharge of cellular products or by-products. Partial or complete membrane fusion can occur also between cells. A partial fusion of plasma membranes of two opposing cells takes place during the formation of zona occludens, which are essential in cell-cell communications and in the maintenance of spacial polarity of cells with respect to each other (see reviews, Sheridan, 1976; Papahadjopoulos et al., 1979). Spontaneous fusion of cells without the addition of exogenous chemical fusing agents or viruses occurs as a natural phenomenon during the formation of polykaryote cells. Spontaneous cell-to-cell fusion represents a very specific event; that is, under normal conditions the extent of fusion is regulated by the participant cells. Common to all spontaneous cell fusion is that the nature and the cause of the fusion are not well understood.

Keywords

Permeability Toxicity Albumin Polyethylene Glycol 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bela J. Gulyas
    • 1
  1. 1.Pregnancy Research Branch, National Institute of Child Health and Human DevelopmentNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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