Cell-Cell Interactions in Mammalian Preimplantation Development

  • Patricia Calarco-Gillam
Part of the Developmental Biology book series (DEBO, volume 2)


Cells in tissues or in culture interact in a variety of ways. Communication between cells can occur by gap junctions, which ionically couple them, by receptor-ligand interactions, by direct inductive influences, or by indirect metabolic influences on the cellular microenvironment. Adhesion to other cells and to extracellular matrix components will influence both cell shape and cell function (i.e., the differentiated state of that cell) as well as help determine the cell’s degree of motility. Nearly all these interactions are mediated, at least initially, by the cell surface.


Mouse Embryo Early Embryo Zona Pellucida Blastocyst Stage Inner Cell Mass 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adamson, E. D., and Ayers, S. E., 1979, The localization and synthesis of some collagen types in developing mouse embryos, Cell 16: 953–965.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Artzt, K., Dubois, P., Bennett, D., Condamine, H., Babinet, C., and Jacob, F., 1973, Surface antigens common to mouse cleavage embryos and primitive teratocarcinoma cells in culture, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 70: 2988–2992.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Artzt, K., Dubois, P., Bennett, D., Condamine, H., Babinet, C., and Jacob, F., 1973, Surface antigens common to mouse cleavage embryos and primitive teratocarcinoma cells in culture, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 70: 2988–2992.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Banka, C. L., and Calarco, P. G., 1986, The immunologic approach to the study of preimplantation mammalian development, in: Developmental Biology, A Comprehensive Synthesis, Vol. 4 ( R. B. L. Gwatkin, ed.), pp. 353–381, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Biggers, J., and Borland, R., 1976, Physiological aspects of growth and development of the pre-implantation mammalian embryo, Annu. Rev. Physiol. 38: 95–119.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bleil, J. D., and Wassarman, P. M., 1980, Mammalian sperm-egg interaction: Identification of a glycoprotein in mouse egg zonae pellucidae possessing receptor activity for sperm, Cell 20: 873–882.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boiler, K., Vestunelier, D., and Kemler, R., 1985, Cell-adhesion molecule uvomorulin is localized in the intermediate junctions of adult intestinal epithelial cells, J. Cell Biol. 100: 327–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brinster, R. L., 1974, The effect of cells transferred into the mouse blastocyst on subsequent development, J. Exp. Med. 140: 1049–1056.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Burgoyne, P. S., and Ducibella, T., 1977, Changes in the properties of the developing trophoblast of preimplantation mouse embryos as revealed by aggregation studies, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 40: 143–155.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Burridge, K., Kelly, T., and Connel, L., 1982, Proteins involved in the attachment of actin to the plasma membrane, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 299: 291–299.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Calarco, P., 1975a, lntracistemal A particle formation and inhibition in preimplantation embryos, Biol. Reprod. 12: 448–454.Google Scholar
  12. Calarco, P. G., 1975b, Cleavage (mouse), in: Scanning Electron Microscope Atlas of Mammalian Reproduction ( E. S. E. Hafez, ed.), pp. 306–317, Igaku-Shoin, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  13. Calarco, P. G., and Banka, C. L., 1979, Surface antigens of preimplantation mouse embryos, Biol. Reprod. 20: 699–704.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Calarco, P. G., and Brown, E. H., 1968, Cytological and ultrastructural comparisons of t12/t12 and normal mouse morulae, J. Exp. Zool. 168: 169–186.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Calarco, P., and Brown, E., 1969, An ultrastructural and cytological study of preimplantation development in the mouse, J. Exp. Zool. 171: 253–284.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Calarco, P. G., and Epstein, C. J., 1973, Cell surface changes during preimplantation development in the mouse, Dev. Biol. 32: 208–213.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Calarco, P., and McLaren, A., 1976, Ultrastructural observations of preimplantation stages of the sheep, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 36: 609–622.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Calarco-Gillam, P. D., Siebert, M. C., Hubble, R., Mitchison, T., and Kirshner, M., 1983, Centrosome development in early mouse embryos as defined by an autoantibody against pericentriolar material, Cell 35: 621–629.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Cervera, M., Dreyfuss, G., and Penman, S., 1981, Messenger RNA is translated when associated with the cytoskeletal framework in normal and VSV-infected HeLa cells, Cell 23: 113–120.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Chang, M., and Hunt, D., 1956, Effects of proteolytic enzymes on the zona pellucida of fertilized and unfertilized mammalian eggs, Exp. Cell Res. 11: 497–502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cheng, C., and Bennett, D., 1980, Nature of the antigenic determinants of T locus antigens, Cell 19: 537–543.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Cheng, C., Sege, K., Alton, A., Bennett, D., and Artzt, K., 1983, Characterization of an antigen present on testicular cells and preimplantation embryos whose expression is modified by the t12 haplotype, J. Immunogen. 10: 465–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Cooper, A. R., and MacQueen, H. A., 1983, Subunits of laminin are differentially synthesized in mouse eggs and early embryos, Dev. Biol. 96: 467–471.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Copp, A. J., 1979, Interaction between inner cell mass and trophectoderm of the mouse blastocyst. II. The fate of the polar trophectoderm, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 51: 109–120.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Copp, A. J., 1980, The development of field vole (Microtus agrestis) and mouse blastocysts in vitro: A study of trophoblast cell migration, Placenta 1 (1): 47–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Courtneidge, S., and Bishop, M., 1982, Transit of pp60v-src to the plasma membrane, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79: 7117–7121.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Damsky, C., Richa, J., Solter, D., Knudsen, K., and Buck, C., 1983, Identification and purification of a cell surface glycoprotein mediating intercellular adhesion in embryonic and adult tissue, Cell 34: 455–466.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Damsky, C., Knudsen, K., Bradley, D., Buck, C., and Horwitz, A., 1985, Distribution of the cell substratum attachment (CSAT) antigen on myogenic and fibroblastic cells in culture, J. Cell Biol. 100: 1528–1539.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. DiZio, S. M., and Tasca, R. J., 1977, Sodium-dependent amino acid transport in preimplantation mouse embryos. III. Na+ -K+-ATPase-linked mechanism in blastocysts, Dev. Biol. 49: 198–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ducibella, T., 1980, Divalent antibodies to mouse embryonal carcinoma cells inhibit compaction in the mouse embryos, Dev. Biol. 79: 356–366.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ducibella, T., 1982, Depolymerization of microtubules prior to compaction, Exp. Cell Res. 138: 31–38.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ducibella, T., and Anderson, E., 1979, The effects of calcium deficiency on the formation of the zonula occludens and blastocoel in the mouse embryo, Dev. Biol. 73 (1): 46–58.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Ducibella, T., Ukena, T., Karnovsky, M., and Anderson, E., 1977, Changes in cell surface and cortical cytoplasmic organization during early embryogenesis in the preimplantation mouse embryo,J. Cell Biol. 74 (1): 153–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Dunbar, B. S., Wardrip, N. J., and Hedrick, J. L., 1980, Isolation, physicochemical properties and macromolecular composition of zona pellucida from porcine oocytes, Biochemistry 19: 356–365.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Dunia, I., Nicolas, J., Jakob, H., Benedetti, E., and Jacob, F., 1979, Junctional modulation in mouse embryonal carcinoma cells by Fab fragments of rabbit anti-embryonal carcinoma cell serum, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76: 3387–3391.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Dziadek, M., and Timpl, R., 1985, Expression of nidogen and laminin in basement membranes during mouse embryogenesis and in teratocarcinoma cells, Dev. Biol. 111: 372–382.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Eager, D. D., Johnson, M., and Thurley, K., 1976, Ultrastructural studies on the surface membrane of the mouse egg, J. Cell Sci. 22: 345–353.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Enders, A. C., and Schlafke, S. J., 1965, The fine structure of the blastocyst: Some comparative studies, in: Preimplantation Stages of Pregnancy ( G. E. W. Wolstenholme and M. O’Connor, eds.), pp. 29–54, Little, Brown, Boston.Google Scholar
  39. Enders, A., and Schlafke, S., 1967, A morphological analysis of the early implantation stages in the rat, J. Anat. 120: 185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Enders, A. C., Given, R. L., and Schlafke, S., 1978, Differentiation and migration of endoderm in the rat and mouse at implantation, Anat. Rec. 190 (l): 65–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Enders, A. C., Schlafke, S., and Welsh, A. 0., 1980, Trophoblastic and uterine luminal epithelial surfaces at the time of blastocyst adhesion in the rat, Am. J. Anat. 159 (1): 59–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Epstein, C. J., Smith, S., and Travis, B., 1980, Expression of H-Y antigen on preimplantation mouse embryos, Tissue Antigen 15: 63–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Evans, M., and Kaufman, M., 1981, Establishment in culture of pluripotent cells from mouse embryos, Nature (Lond.) 292: 154–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Farmer, S., Wan, K., Ben Zeev, A., and Penman, S., 1983, Regulation of actin mRNA levels and translation responds to changes in cell configuration, Mol. Cell Biol. 3: 182–189.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Fehilly, C. B., Willadsen, S. M., and Tucker, E. M., 1984, Interspecific chimaerism between sheep and goat, Nature (Lond.) 307: 634–636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Fenderson, B. A., Hahnel, A. C., and Eddy, E., 1983, Immunohistochemical localization of two monoclonal antibody-defined carbohydrate antigens during early murine embryogenesis, Dev. Biol. 100: 318–327.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Flechon, J. E., 1978, Morphological aspects of embryonic disc at the time of its appearance in the blastocyst of farm mammals, in: Scanning Electron Microscopy. Vol. II (R. P. Becker and 0. Johari, eds.), pp. 541–547, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Inc., Elk Grove Village, Illinois.Google Scholar
  48. Florman, H., and Wassarman, P., 1985, O-linked oligosaccharides of mouse egg ZP3 account for its sperm receptor activity, Cell 41: 313–324.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Flynn, T. J., and Hillman, N., 1978, Lipid synthesis from (U14C) glucose in preimplantation mouse embryos in culture, Biol. Reprod. 19: 922–926.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Flynn, T. J., and Hillman, N., 1980, The metabolism of exogenous fatty acids by preimplantation mouse embryos developing in vitro, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 56: 157–168.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Fox, H. W., Damjanov, I., Knowles, B. B., and Solter, D., 1984, Stage-specific embryonic antigens as a marker of visceral extraembryonic endoderm, Dev. Biol. 103: 263–266.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Fujimoto, H., Muramatsu, T., Urushihara, H., and Yanagisawa, K., 1982, Receptors to Dolichos biflorus agglutinin, Differentiation 22: 59–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Fujii, J. T., and Martin, G. R., 1980, Incorporation of teratocarcinoma stem cells into blastocysts by aggregation with cleavage-stage embryos, Dev. Biol. 74 (l): 239–244.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Gaunt, S. J., and Papaioannou, V. E., 1979, Metabolic co-operation between embryonic and embryo¬nal carcinoma cells of the mouse, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 54: 263–275.Google Scholar
  55. Glass, R. H., Spindle, A. I., and Pedersen, R. A., 1979, Mouse embryo attachment to substratum and interaction of trophoblast with cultured cells, J. Exp. Zool. 208 (3): 327–336.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Glass, R. H., Spindle, A. I., Maglio, M., and Pedersen, R. A., 1980, The free surface of mouse trophoblast in culture is non-adhesive for other cells, J. Reprod. Fertil. 59 (2): 403–407.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Goodall, H., and Johnson, M. H., 1982, Use of carboxyfluorescein diacetate to study formation of permeable channels between mouse blastomeres, Nature (Lond.) 295: 524–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Gooi, H., Feizi, T., Kapadia, A., Knowles, B., Solter, D., and Evans, M., 1981, Stage-specific embryonic antigen involves 1-3 fucosylated type 2 blood group chains, Nature (Lond.) 292: 156–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Hahnel, A. C., and Eddy, E. M., 1983, Syngeneic antiserum to Nulli SCCl embryonal carcinoma cells recognizing surface antigens of embryonic cells, J. Reprod. Immunol. 5: 371–382.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Hakansson, S., Heyner, S., Sundqvist, K.-G., and Bergstrom, S., 1975, The presence of paternal H- antigens on hybrid mouse blastocysts during experimental delay of implantation and the disappearance of these antigens after onset of implantation, Int. J. Fert. 91. 20: 137–140.Google Scholar
  61. Handyside, A., 1980a, Distribution of antibody- and lectin-binding sites on dissociated blastomeres from mouse morulae: Evidence for polarization at compaction, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 60: 99–116.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Heyner, S., 1980b, Antigens of trophoblast and early embryo, in: Immunological Aspects of Infertility and Fertility Regulation ( D. Dhindsa and J. Schumacher, eds.), pp. 183–203, Elsevier North-Holland, New York.Google Scholar
  63. Heyner, S., 1986, Immunogenetic approaches to the analysis of mammalian development, in: Developmental Biology: A Comprehensive Synthesis, Vol. 4: Manipulation of Mammalian Development ( R. B. L. Gwatkin, ed.), pp. 335–352, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  64. Hillman, N., and Tasca, R., 1969, Ultrastructural and autoradiographic studies of mouse cleavage stages, Am. J. Anat. 126: 151–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Huang, T. T., and Calarco, P. G., 1981a, Evidence for the cell surface expression of intracisternal A particle associated antigens during early mouse development, Dev. Biol. 82: 388–392.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Huang, T. T., and Calarco, P. G., 1981b, Immunoprecipitation of intracisternal A particle-associated antigens from preimplantation mouse embryos, J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 67: 1129–1134.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Huang, T. T., Jr., and Calarco, P. G., 1982, Immunologic relatedness of intracisternal A-particles in mouse embryos and neoplastic cell lines, J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 68 (4): 643–649.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Huang, T. T., and Yanagimachi, R., 1984, Fucoidin inhibits attachment of guinea pig spermatozoa to the zona pellucida through binding to the inner acrosomal membrane and equatorial domains, Exp. Cell Res. 153: 363–373.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Hyafil, F., Morello, D., Babinet, C., and Jacob, F., 1980, A cell surface glycoprotein involved in the compaction of embryonal carcinoma cells and cleavage stage embryos, Cell 21: 927–934.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Hyafil, F., Balinet, C., and Jacob, F., 1981, Cell-cell interactions in early embryogenesis: A molecular approach to the role of calcium, Cell 26: 447–454.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Ilgren, E. B., 1981, On the control of the trophoblastic giant-cell transformation in the mouse: Homotypic cellular interactions and polyploidy, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 62: 183–202.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Iwakura, Y., 1983, Comparison of polysaccharide synthesis between preimplantation stage mouse embryos and F9 embryonal carcinoma cells, Exp. Cell Res. 146: 329–338.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Izquierdo, L., and Marticorena, P., 1975, Alkaline phosphatase in preimplantation mouse embryos, Exp. Cell Res. 92: 399–402.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Jackson, B. W., Grund, C., Schmid, E., Burki, K., Franke, W. W., and Illmensee, K., 1980, Formation of cytoskeletal elements during mouse embryogenesis. Intermediate filaments of the cytokeratin type and desmosomes in preimplantation embryos, Differentiation 17 (3): 161–179.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Jacob, F., 1977, Mouse teratocarcinoma and embryonic antigens, Immunol. Rev. 33: 3–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Jacob, F., 1979, Cell surface and early stages of mouse embryogenesis, in: Current Topics in Developmental Biology, Vol. 13 ( A. Moscona and A. Monroy, eds.), pp. 117–137, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  77. Jeffery, W., 1982, Messenger in the cytoskeletal framework: Analysis by in situ hybridization, J. Cell Biol. 95: 1–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Jeffery, W., 1983, Pattern and mechanism of maternal mRNA localization during early development of Chaetopterus, J. Cell Biol. 97: 34a.Google Scholar
  79. Johnson, L. V., 1983, Wheat germ agglutinin induces compaction- and cavitation-like events in 2- cell mouse embryos, J. Cell Biol. 97: 36a.Google Scholar
  80. Johnson, L. V., 1983, Wheat germ agglutinin induces compaction- and cavitation-like events in 2- cell mouse embryos, J. Cell Biol. 97: 36a.Google Scholar
  81. Johnson, L. V., and Calarco, P. G., 1980a, Electrophoretic analysis of cell surface proteins of preimplantation mouse embryos, Dev. Biol. 77 (l): 224–227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Johnson, L. V., and Calarco, P. G., 1980b, Mammalian preimplantation development: The cell surface, Anat. Rec. 196: 202–219.Google Scholar
  83. Johnson, L. V., and Calarco, P. G., 1980c, Immunological characterization of embryonic cell surface antigens recognized by anti-blastocyst serum, Dev. Biol. 79: 208–223.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Johnson, L. V., and Calarco, P. G., 1980d, Stage-specific embryonic antigens detected by an anti-serum against mouse blastocysts, Dev. Biol. 79: 224–231.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Johnson, L. V., Calarco, P., and Siebert, M., 1977, Alkaline phosphatase activity in the preimplantation mouse embryo, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 40: 83–89.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Johnson, M-H., 1981, Membrane events associated with the generation of a blastocyst, Int. Rev. Cytol. (Suppl.) 12: 1–37.Google Scholar
  87. Johnson, M. H., and Ziomek, C., 1982, Cell subpopulations in the late morula and early blastocyst of the mouse, Dev. Biol. 91: 431–439.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Johnson, M. H., Pratt, H., and Handyside, A., 1981, The generation and recognition of positional information in the preimplantation mouse embryo, in: Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Implantation ( S. R. Glasser and D. W. Bullock, eds.), pp. 55–79, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  89. Kane, M. T., 1979, Fatty acids as energy sources for culture of one-cell rabbit ova to viable morulae, Biol. Reprod. 20: 323–332.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Kannagi, R., Nudelman, E., Levery, S. B., and Hakomori, S., 1982, A series of human erythrocyte glycosphingolipids reacting to the monoclonal antibody directed to a developmentally regulated antigen, SSEA-1, J. Biol. Chem. 257: 14865–14874.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Kannagi, R., Levery, S. B., Ishigami, F., Hakamori, S-I., Shevinsky, L. H., Knowles, B. B., and Solter, D., 1983, New globoseries glycosphingolipids in human teratocarcinoma reactive with the monoclonal antibody directed to a developmentally regulated antigen, Stage-specific Embryonic Antigen 3,). Biol. Chem. 258: 8934–8942.Google Scholar
  92. Kasamatsu, H., Lin, W., Edens, J., and Revel, J. P., 1983, Visualization of antigens attached to cytoskeletal framework in animal cells: Colocalization of SV40 Vp1 polypeptide and actin in TC7 cells, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80: 4339–4343.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Keefer, C. L., and Tasca, R. J., 1984, Modulation of amino acid transport in preimplantation mouse embryos by low concentrations of non-ionic and zwitterionic detergents, J. Reprod. Fertil. 70: 399–407.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Kelly, S. J., 1979, Investigations into the degree of cell mixing that occurs between the 8-cell stage and the blastocyst stage of mouse development, J. Exp. Zool. 207 (1): 121–130.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Kemler, R., Babinet, C., Eisen, H., and Jacob, F., 1977, Surface antigen in early differentiation, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 74: 4449–4452.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Kemler, R., Morello, D., and Jacob, F., 1979, Properties of some monoclonal antibodies raised against mouse embryonal carcinoma cells, in: Cell Lineage, Stem Cells and Cell Determination ( N. LeDouarin, ed.), pp. 101–113, North-Holland, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  97. Kimber, S. J., and Surani, M. A. H., 1981, Morphogenetic analysis of changing cell associations following release of 2-cell and 4-cell mouse embryos from cleavage arrest, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 61: 331–345.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Kimber, S. J., and Surani, M. A., 1982, Spreading of blastomeres from eight-cell mouse embryos on lectin-coated beads, J. Cell Sci. 56: 191–206.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Kimber, S. J., Surani, M. A., and Barton, S. C., 1982, Interactions of blastomeres suggest changes in cell surface adhesiveness during the formation of inner cell mass and trophectoderm in the preimplantation mouse embryo, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 70: 133–152.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Knudsen, K. A., Rao, P. E., Damsky, C. H. and Buck, C. A., 1981, Membrane glycoproteins involved in cell-substratum adhesion, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 78: 6071–6075.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Konwinski, M., Vorbrodt, A., Solter, D., and Koprowski, H., 1977, Ultrastructural study of concan- valin-A binding to the surface of preimplantation mouse embryos, J. Exp. Zool. 200 (3): 311–323.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Krco, C. J., and Goldberg, E. H., 1976, H-Y (male) antigen: Detection on eight-cell mouse embryos, Science 193: 1134–1135.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Lazarides, E., and Nelson, W., 1982, Expression of spectrin in nonerythroid cells, Cell 31: 505–508.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Lehtonen, E., and Badley, R. A., 1980, Localization of cytoskeletal proteins in preimplantation mouse embryos, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 55: 211–225.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Lehtonen, E., Lehto, V.-P., Vartio, T., Bodley, R., and Virtanen, I., 1983, Expression of cytokeratin polypeptides in mouse occytes and preimplantation embryos, Dev. Biol. 100: 158–165.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Leivo, I., 1983, Structure and composition of early basement membranes: Studies with early em-bryos and teratocarcinoma cells, Med. Biol 61(l):l–30.Google Scholar
  107. Leivo, I., Vaheri, A., Timpland, R., and Wartiovaara, J., 1980, Appearance and distribution of collagens and laminin in the early mouse embryo, Dev. Biol. 76: 100–114.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Levinson, J., and McDevitt, H., 1976, Murine t factors: An association between alleles at t and at H-2, J. Exp. Med. 144: 834.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Lin, T. P., Glass, R., Bronson, R., Florence, J., and Maglio, M., 1975, Interspecies sperm-egg interaction, in: SEM Atlas of Mammalian Reproduction (E. Hafeg, ed.), pp. 300–305, lgaku-Shoin, Tokyo.Google Scholar
  110. Lindahl, K., and Burki, K., 1982, Mta, a maternally inherited cell surface antigen of the mouse, is transmitted in the egg, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79: 5362–5366.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Lindahl, K. F., Hausmann, B., and Chapman, V. M., 1983, A new H-2-linked class I gene whose expression depends on a maternally inherited factor, Nature (Lond.) 306: 383–385.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Lo, C. W., and Gilula, N. B., 1979, Gap junctional communication in the preimplantation mouse embryo, Cell 18 (2): 399–409.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Loewenstein, J. E., and Cohen, A. I., 1964, Drymass, lipid content, and protein content of the intact and zona-free mouse ovum, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 12: 113–121.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Magnuson, T., and Epstein, C., 1981, Characterization of con A precipitated proteins from early mouse embryos: A 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis study, Dev. Biol. 81: 193–199.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Magnuson, T., Demsey, A., and Stackpole, C. W., 1977, Characterization of intercellular junctions in the preimplantation mouse embryo by freeze-fracture and thin-section electron microscopy, Dev. Biol. 61 (2): 252–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Maro, B., and Pickering, S., 1984, Microtubules influence compaction in preimplantation mouse embryos, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 84: 217–232.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Marticorena, P., Hogan, B., DiMeo, A., Artzt, K., and Bennett, D., 1983, Carbohydrate changes in pre- and peri-implantation mouse embryos as detected by a monoclonal antibody, Cell Diff. 12: 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Martin, G., 1981, Isolation of a pluripotent cell line from early mouse embryos cultured in medium conditioned by teratocarcinoma stem cells, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 78:7634– 7638.Google Scholar
  119. Martin, G., and Evans, M., 1975, The differentiation of clonal lines of teratocarcinoma cells: Formation of embryoid bodies in vitro, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 72: 1441–1445.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Maylie-Pfenniger, M-F., 1979, The effect of tunicamycin on the development of mouse preimplantation embryos, J. Cell Biol. 83: 216a.Google Scholar
  121. McLachlin, J., Caveney, S., and Kidder, G., 1983, Control of gap junction formation in early mouse embryos, Dev. Biol. 98: 155–164.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. McGrath, J., and Solter, D., 1983, Nuclear transplantation in mouse embryos, J. Exp. Zool. 228: 355–362.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Meinecke-Tillman, S., and Meinecke, B., 1984, Experimental chimaeras—Removal of reproductive barriers between sheep and goat, Nature (Lond.) 307: 637–638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Menge, A. C., and Black, C. B., 1979, Effects of antisera on human sperm penetration of zona-free hamster ova, Fertil. Steril. 32: 214–218.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Meziou, W., Chardon, P., Flechon, J., Kalil, J., and Vaiman, M., 1983, Expression of B-2-micro- globulin on preimplantation pig embryos, J. Reprod. Immunol. 5: 73–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. Mintz, B., 1962, Experimental study of the developing mammalian egg: Removal of the zona pellucida, Science 138: 594–595.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Mintz, B., and Illmensee, K., 1975, Normal genetically mosaic mice produced from malignant teratocarcinoma cells, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 72: 3585–3589.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Moon, R., Nicosia, R., Olsen, C., Hille, M., and Jeffery, W., 1983, The cytoskeletal framework of sea urchin eggs and embryos: Developmental changes in the association of messenger RNA, Dev. Biol. 95: 447–458.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Morris, J. E., Potter, S. W., and Buckley, P. M., 1982, Mouse embryos and uterine epithelia show adhesive interactions in culture, J. Exp. Zool. 222 (2): 195–198.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Morris, J. E., Potter, S. W., Rynd, L. S., and Buckley, P. M., 1983, Adhesion of mouse blastocysts to uterine epithelium in culture: A requirement for mutual surface interactions, J. Exp. Zoo J. 225 (3): 467–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Muggleton-Harris, A., and Johnson, M., 1976, The nature and distribution of serologically detect¬able alloantigens on the preimplantation mouse embryo, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 25: 52–72.Google Scholar
  132. Nicolson, G. L., Yanagimachi, R., and Yanagimachi, H., 1975, Ultrastructural localization of lectin- binding sites on the zonae pellucida and plasma membranes of mammalian eggs, J. Cell Biol. 66: 263–274.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Nicosia, S., Wolf, D., and Inoue, M., 1977, Cortical granule distribution and cell surface characteristics in mouse eggs, Dev. Biol. 57: 56–74.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Nuccitelli, R., and Wiley, L. M., 1983, Polarity of isolated blastomeres from mouse morulae: Detection of transcellular ion currents, J. Cell Biol. 97: 32a.Google Scholar
  135. Opas,J., and Soltynska, M., 1978, Reorganization of the cortical layer during cytokinesis in mouse blastomeres, Exp. Cell Res. 113: 208–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. O’Rand, M., and Irons, G., 1984, Monoclonal antibodies to rabbit sperm autoantigens. II. Inhibition of human sperm penetration of zona-free hamster eggs, Biol. Reprod. 30: 731–736.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. O’Rand, M., Irons, G., and Porter, J., 1984, Monoclonal antibodies to rabbit sperm autoantigens. I. Inhibition of in vitro fertilization and localization on the egg, Biol. Reprod. 30: 721–729.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Oshima, R., Howe, W., Klier, G., Anderson, E., and Shevinsky, L., 1983, Intermediate filament protein synthesis in preimplantation murine embryos, Dev. Biol. 99: 447–455.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Palm, J., Heyner, S., and Brinster, R. L., 1971, Differential immunofluorescence of fertilized mouse eggs with H-2 and non H-2 antibody, J. Exp. Med. 133: 1282–1293.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Papaioannou, V., and Rossant, J., 1983, Effects of the embryonic environment on proliferation and differentiation of embryonal carcinoma cells, J. Cancer Surveys 2: 165–183.Google Scholar
  141. Pedersen, R. A., and Spindle, A. I., 1980, Role of the blastocoele microenvironment in early mouse embryo differentiation, Nature (Lond.) 284: 550–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Peyrieras, N., Hyafil, F., Louvard, D., Ploegh, H. L., and Jacob, F., 1983, Uvomorulin: A nonintegral membrane protein of early mouse embryo, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 80: 6274–6277.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Phillips, D., Shalgi, R., Kraicer, P., and Segal, S., 1978, The rat oocyte-cumulus complex during ovulation and fertilization as seen with the SEM, in: Scanning Electron Microscopy, Vol. II ( R. P. Becker and O. Johari, eds.), pp. 1113–1122, Scanning Electron Microscopy Inc. Elk Grove Village, Illinois.Google Scholar
  144. Pierce, G. B., Lewis, S. H., Miller, G. J., Moritz, E., and Miller, P., 1979, Tumorigenicity of embryonal carcinoma as an assay to study control of malignancy by the murine blastocyst, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76: 6649–6651.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Pierce, G. B., Aguilar, D., Hood, G., and Wells, R. S., 1984, Trophectoderm in control of murine embryonal carcinoma, Cancer Res. 44: 3987–3996.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. Pinsker, M., and Mintz, B., 1973, Change in cell-surface glycoproteins of mouse embryos before implantation, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 70: 1645–1648.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Polak-Charcon, S., Johnson, L., and Calarco, P., 1983a, Cortical synthesis of a stage-specific surface glycoprotein during early mammalian development, in: Proceedings of the Forty-First Electron Microscopic Society of America, pp. 508–509.Google Scholar
  148. Polak-Charcon, S., Johnson, L., and Calarco, P., 1983b, Intracellular localization and surface expression of stage-specific glycoprotein antigens during early mouse development, J. Cell Biol. 97: 33a.Google Scholar
  149. Polak-Charcon, S., Calarco-Gillam, P., and Johnson, L., 1985, Intracellular localization and surface expression of a stage-specific embryonic glycoprotein, Gamete Res. 12: 329–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Powers, R. D., and Tupper, J. T., 1977, Developmental changes in membrane transport and permeability in the early mouse embryo, Dev. Biol. 56: 306–315.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Pratt, H. P., 1978, Lipids and transitions in embryos, in: Development in Mammals, Vol. 3 ( M. Johnson, ed.), pp. 83–129, Elsevier, New York.Google Scholar
  152. Pratt, H. P. M., 1980, Phospholipid synthesis in the preimplantation mouse embryo, J. Reprod. Fertil. 58: 237–248.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Pratt, H. P. M., 1982, Preimplantation mouse embryos synthesize membrane sterols, Dev. Biol. 89 (1): 101–110.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Pratt, H. P. M., Keith, J., and Chakraborty, J., 1980, Membrane sterols and the development of the preimplantation mouse embryo, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 60: 303–319.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Pratt, H. P. M., Chakraborty, J., and Surani, M. A. H., 1981, Molecular and morphological differentiation of the mouse blastocyst after manipulations of compaction with cytochalasin D, Cell 26: 279–292.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Pratt, H. P. M., Ziomek, C. A., Reeve, W. J. R., and Johnson, M. W., 1982, Compaction of the mouse embryo: An analysis of its components, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 70: 113–132.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Quinn, P., and Whittingham, D. G., 1982, Effect of fatty acids on fertilization and development of mouse embryos in vitro, J. Androl. 3: 440–444.Google Scholar
  158. Rasweiler, J. J., IV, 1979, Early embryonic development and implantation in bats, J. Reprod. Fertil. 56 (1): 403–416.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Reeve, W. J., 1981a, Cytoplasmic polarity develops at compaction in rat and mouse embryos, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 62: 351–367.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. Reeve, W. J., 1981b, The distribution of ingested horseradish peroxidase in the 16-cell mouse embryo, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 66: 191–207.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Reeve, W. J., and Kelly, F. P., 1983, Nuclear position in the cells of the mouse early embryo, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 75: 117–139.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Reeve, W. J., and Ziomek, C. A., 1981, Distribution of microvilli on dissociated blastomeres from mouse embryos: Evidence for surface polarization at compaction, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 62: 339–350.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Richa, J., Damsky, C. H., Buck, C. A., Knowles, B. B., and Solter, D., 1985, Cell surface glycoproteins mediate compaction, trophoblast attachment and endoderm formation during early mouse development, Dev. Biol. 108: 513–521.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Rossant, J., Mauro, V. M., and Croy, B. A., 1982, Importance of trophoblast genotype for survival of interspecific murine chimaeras, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 69: 141–149.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Sabatini, D., Kreibich, G., Morimoko, T., and Adesnik, M., 1982, Mechanisms for the incorporation of proteins in membranes and organelles, J. Cell Biol. 92: 1–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. Sawicki, J., 1984, Developmental expression of H-2, class I genes, J. Cell Biochem. (Suppl.) 8B: 78.Google Scholar
  167. Sawicki, J., Magnusen, T., and Epstein, C., 1981, Evidence for expression of the paternal genome in the two-cell mouse embryo, Nature (Lond.) 294: 450–451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Saxen, L., 1977, Directives. Permissive induction: A working hypothesis, in: Cell and Tissue Interactions, Vol. 32 ( J. Lash and M. Burger, eds.), pp. 1–9, Society of General Physiologists Series, New York.Google Scholar
  169. Schlafke, S., and Enders, A., 1975, Cellular basis of interaction between trophoblast and uterus at implantation, Biol. Reprod. 12: 41–65.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Searle, R. F., Sellens, M. H., Elson, J., Jenkinson, E. J., and Billington, W. D., 1976, Detection of alloantigens during preimplantation. Development and early trophoblast differentiation in the mouse by immunoperoxidase labeling, J. Exp. Med. 143: 348–359.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Sengupta, J., Paria, B.C., and Manchanda, S. K., 1983, Effect of an estrogen antagonist on development of blastocysts and implantation in the hamster, J. Exp. Zool. 225: 119–122.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Sherman, M. I., 1979, Developmental biochemistry of preimplantation mammalian embryos, Annu. Rev. Biochem. 48: 443–470.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. Sherman, M. I., and Atienza-Samols, S. B., 1979, Differentiation of mouse trophoblast does not require cell-cell interaction, Exp. Cell Res. 123: 73–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. Sherman, M. I., Gay, R., Gay, S., and Miller, E., 1980, Association of collagen with preimplantation and peri-implantation mouse embryos, Dev. Biol. 74: 470–478.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Shevinsky, L. H., Knowles, B. B., Howe, C., Aden, D. P., and Solter, D., 1981, A murine stage-Google Scholar
  176. specific embryonic antigen (SSEA-2) is expressed on some murine SV40-transformed cells, J. Immunol. 127:632–636.Google Scholar
  177. Shevinsky, L. H., Knowles, B. B., Damijanov, I., and Solter, D., 1982, Monoclonal antibody to murine embryos defines a stage-specific embryonic antigen expressed on mouse embryos and human teratocarcinoma cells, Cell 30: 697–705.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. Shin, H. S., Flaherty, L., Artzt, K., Bennett, D., and Ravetch, J., 1983, Inversion in the H-2 complex of t-haplotypes in mice, Nature (Lond.) 306: 380–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. Shur, B., Oettgen, P., and Bennett, D., 1979, UDP galactose inhibits blastocyst formation in the mouse, Dev. Biol. 73: 78–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Silver, L. M., and Artzt, K., 1981, Recombination suppression of mouse 5-haplotypes due to chro¬matin mismatching, Nature (Lond.) 290: 68–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. Sobel, J. S., 1983, Localization of myosin in the preimplantation mouse embryo, Dev. Biol. 95 (1): 227–231.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. Sobel, J. S., 1984, Organization of plasma membrane-associated filaments during development of cell contacts in early mouse embryos, J. Cell Biol. 99: 36a.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. Sobel, J. S., and Alliegro, M. A., 1985, Changes in the distribution of a spectrin-like protein during development of the preimplantation mouse embryo, J. Cell Biol. 100: 333–336.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Solter, D., and Knowles, B., 1978, Monoclonal antibody defining a stage-specific mouse embryonic antigen (SSEA-1), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75: 5565–5569.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. Solter, D., and Knowles, B., 1979, Developmental stage-specific antigens during mouse embryo- genesis, in: Current Topics in Developmental Biology, Vol. 13 ( A. Moscona and A. Monroy, eds.), pp. 139–165, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  186. Spindle, A., 1982, Cell allocation in preimplantation mouse chimeras, J. Exp. Zool. 209: 361–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. Spindle, A. I., and Pedersen, R. A., 1973, Hatching, attachment, and outgrowth of mouse blastocysts in vitro: Fixed nitrogen requirements, J. Exp. Zool. 186: 305–318.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. Stastna, J., and Prochazka, V., 1983, Scanning electron microscopy of cleaving mouse eggs, Fol. Morphol. 31: 212–217.Google Scholar
  189. Stern, P., Willson, I., Lennox, E., Galfre, G., Milstein, C., Secher, D., and Sziegler, A., 1978, Monoclonal antibodies as probes for differentiation and tumor-associated antigens: A Forssman specificity on teratocarcinoma stem cells, Cell 14: 775–783.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  190. Stern, P. L., Gilbert, P., Heath, J. K., and Furth, M., 1983, A monoclonal antibody which detects a cell surface antigen on murine embryonal carcinoma and early mouse embryo stages may recognize a carbohydrate determinant involving alpha-linked galactose, J. Reprod. Immunol. 5: 145–160.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. Stewart, C., 1980, Aggregation between teratocarcinoma cells and preimplantation mouse embryos, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 58: 298–302.Google Scholar
  192. Stewart, C. L., 1982, Formation of viable chimeras by aggregation between teratocarcinomas and preimplantation mouse embryos, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 67: 167–179.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. Surani, M. A., 1979, Glycoprotein synthesis and inhibition of glycosylation by tunicamycin in preimplantation mouse embryos: Compaction and trophoblast adhesion, Cell 18 (l): 217–227.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. Surani, M. A. H., and Handyside, A. H., 1983, Reassortment of cells according to position in mouse morulae, J. Exp. Zool. 225: 505–511.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. Surani, M. A. H., Barton, S. C., and Burling, A., 1980, Differentiation of 2-cell and 8-cell mouse embryos arrested by cytoskeletal inhibitors, Exp. Cell Res. 125: 275–286.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. Surani, M. A., Kimber, S. J., and Handyside, A. H., 1981, Synthesis and role of cell surface glycoproteins in preimplantation mouse development, Exp. Cell Res. 133 (2): 331–339.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. Surani, M. A. H., Kimber, S. J., and Osborn, J. C., 1983, Mevalonate reverses the developmental arrest of preimplantation mouse embryos by compactin, an inhibitor of HMG Co A reductase, J. Embryol. Exp. Morphol. 75: 205–223.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Sutherland, A. E., and Calarco, P., 1983, Analysis of compaction in the preimplantation mouse embryo, Dev. Biol. 100: 328–338.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. Szollosi, D., 1967, Development of cortical granules and the cortical reaction in rat and hamster eggs, Anat. Rec. 159: 431–446.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. Szollosi, D., 1971, Nucleoli and ribonucleoprotein particles in the preimplantation conceptus of the rat and mouse, in: The Biology of the Blastocyst (R. Blandau, ed.), pp. 95–113, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  201. Tachi, S., and Tachi, C., 1979, Ultrastructural studies on maternal-embryonic cell interaction during experimentally induced implantation of rat blastocysts to the endometrium of the mouse, Dev. Biol. 68: 203–223.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. Timpl, R., Dziadek, M., Fugiwara, S., Nowack, H., and Wick, G., 1983, Nidogen: A new, self- aggregating basement membrane protein, Eur. J. Biochem. 137: 455–465.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  203. Van Blerkom, J., and Chavez, D. J., 1981, Morphodynamics of outgrowths of mouse trophoblast in the presence and absence of a monolayer of uterine epithelium, Am. J. Anat. 162: 143–155.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Vestweber, D., and Kemler, R., 1984, Rabbit antiserum against a purified surface glycoprotein decompacts mouse preimplantation embryos and reacts with specific adult tissues, Exp. Cell Res. 152: 169–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  205. Vorbrodt, A., Konwinski, M., Solter, D., and Koprowski, H., 1977, Ultrastructural cytochemistry of membrane-bound phosphatases in preimplantation mouse embryos, Dev. Biol. 55 (1): 117–134.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. Warner, C., and Spannaus, D., 1984, Demonstration of H-2 antigens on preimplantation mouse embryos using conventional antisera and monoclonal antibody, J. Exp. Zool. 230: 37–52.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Wartiovaara, J., and Leivo, I., 1982, Basement membrane matrices and early mouse development, in: New Trends in Basement Membrane Research ( K. Kuhn, H. Schone and R. Timpl, eds.), pp. 239–246, Raven Press, New York.Google Scholar
  208. Wartiovaara, J., Leivo, I., and Vaheri, A., 1979, Expression of the cell-surface associated glycoprotein, fibronectin, in the early mouse embryo, Dev. Biol. 69: 274–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  209. Wartiovaara, J., Leivo, I., Virtanen, I., Vaheri, A., and Graham, C. P., 1978, Appearance of fibronectin during differentiation of mouse teratocarcinoma in vitro, Nature (Lond.) 272: 355–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. Wassarman, P. M., 1983, Fertilization, in: Cell Interactions and Development ( K. Yamada, ed.), pp. 1–27, Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  211. Webb, C., 1980, Characterization of antisera against mouse teratocarcinoma OTT 6050: Molecular species recognized on embryoid bodies, preimplantation embryos and sperm, Dev. Biol. 76: 203–214.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  212. Webb, C., Gall, W., and Edelman, G., 1977, Synthesis and distribution of H-2 antigens in pre-implantation mouse embryos, J. Exp. Med. 146: 923–932.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  213. Weitlauf, H. M., 1984, Changes in synthesis of RNA and protein during reactivation of delayed implanting mouse blastocysts, in: Molecular Aspects of Early Development ( G. Malacinski and W. Klein, eds.), pp. 289–307, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  214. Wiley, L., 1979, Early embryonic cell surface antigens as developmental probes, in: Current Topics in Developmental Biology, Vol. 13 ( A. Moscona and A. Monroy, eds.), pp. 167–197, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  215. Wiley, L., and Eglitis, M., 1980, Effects of colcemid on cavitation during mouse blastocoele formation, Exp. Cell Res. 127: 89–101.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  216. Wiley, L. M., and Eglitis, M., 1981, Cell surface and cytoskeletal elements: Cavitation in the mouse preimplantation embryo, Dev. Biol. 86: 493–501.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  217. Willison, K., Karol, R., Suzuki, A., Kundu, S., and Marcus, D., 1982, Neutral glycolipid antigens as developmental markers of mouse teratocarcinoma and early embryos: An immunologic and chemical analysis, J. Immunol. 129: 603–609.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  218. Wolf, D. E., Edidin, M., and Handyside, A. H., 1981, Changes in the organization of the mouse egg plasma membrane upon fertilization and first cleavage: Indications from the lateral diffusion rates of fluorescent lipid analogs, Dev. Biol. 15 (1): 195–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  219. Wolf, D. E., and Ziomek, C. A., 1983, Regionalization and lateral diffusion of membrane proteins in unfertilized and fertilized mouse eggs, J. Cell Biol. 96: 1786–1790.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  220. Wolf, D. P., 1981, The mammalian egg’s block to polyspermy, in: Fertilization and Embryonic Development in Vitro ( L. Mastroianni and I. Biggers, eds.), pp. 183–197, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  221. Wolf, D. P., Inoue, M., and Stark, R. A., 1976, Penetration of zona-free mouse ova, Biol. Reprod. 15: 215–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. Wu, J-C., Wan, Y-J., Chung, A., and Damjanov, I., 1983, Immunohistochemical localization of entactin and laminin in mouse embryos and fetuses, Dev. Biol. 100: 496–505.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. Yanagimachi, R., 1981, Mechanisms of fertilization in mammals, in: Fertilization and Embryonic Development in Vitro ( L. Mastroianni and J. Biggers, eds.), pp. 81–182, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  224. Yanagimachi, R., Okada, A., and Tung, K. S. K., 1981, Sperm autoantigens and fertilization. II. Effects of anti-guinea pig autoantibodies on sperm-ovum interactions, Biol. Reprod. 24:512– 518.Google Scholar
  225. Yoshida-Noro, C., Suzuki, N., and Takeichi, M., 1984, Molecular nature of the calcium-dependent cell-cell adhesion system in mouse teratocarcinoma and embryonic cells. Studies with a monoclonal antibody, Dev. Biol. 101: 19–27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. Yotsuyanagi, Y., and Szollosi, D., 1981, Early mouse embryo intracisternal particle: Fourth type of retrovirus-like particle associated with the mouse, J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 67: 677–683.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  227. Zetter, B. R., and Martin, G. R., 1978, Expression of a high molecular weight cell surface glycoprotein (LETS protein) by preimplantation mouse embryos and teratocarcinoma stem cells, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 75 (5): 2324–2328.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia Calarco-Gillam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, School of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

Personalised recommendations