Evaluation of Ventricular Function in Patients with Heart Failure: Invasive or Noninvasive?

  • Bertram Pitt
Part of the Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine book series (DICM, volume 75)

Abstract

Before considering the question as to whether ventricular function should be evaluated invasively or noninvasively in patients with heart failure, it may be useful to review the goals in the treatment of heart failure and the reasons for evaluating ventricular function.

Keywords

Placebo Fatigue Ischemia Lactate Radionuclide 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Franciosa, J.A., Park, M. and Levine, T.B. Am. J. Cardiol. 41:33, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Engler, R., Roy, R., Higgins, C.B., McNally, C, Buxton, W.H., Bhargava, V. and Shabetai, R. Am. J. Cardiol. 49:1832, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Goldberg, M.J., Franklin, B.A., Rubenfire, M., Kernin, N.Z., Willens, H.J. and Ruskin, R. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2:887, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Haq, A., Rakowski, H., Baiqrie, R., McLaughlin, P., Burns, R., Tihal, H., Hilton, D. and Feiglin, D. Am. J. Cardiol. 49:439, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Portz, S.J., Kirch, D.L., Groves, B.M., Lindenfeld, J., Leitner, M.N. and Horowitz, L.D. Circulation 74(Supp 11): 138, 1986.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Benge, W., Luchfield, D.O. and Marcus, M.L. Circulation 61:955, 1986.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rubin, S.A., Chattergee, K., Gelberg, H.J., Ports, T.A., Brundage, B.H. and Parmley, W.O. Am. J. Cardiol. 43:810, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Packer, M., Medina, N. and Yushak, M. Am. J. Cardiol. 57:1323, 1986.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Szlachcic, J., Massie, B.M., Kramer, B.L., Topic, N. and Tubau, J. Am. J. Cardiol. 55:1037, 1985.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Baker, B.J., Wilen, M.M., Boyd, CM., Dinh, H. and Franciosa, J.A. Am. J. Cardiol. 54:596, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zelis, R., Longhurst, J., Capone, R.J., et al. Circulation 50:137, 1984.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zelis, R. and Flaim, S. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis. 24:437, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wilson, J.R., Wiener, D.H., Fink, L.I. and Ferraro, N. Circulation 74:775, 1986.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rubin, S., Chatterjee, K. and Parmley, W.O. Am. J. Cardiol. 43: 399, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kirlin, P.C., Grekin, R., Das, S., Bailor, E., Johnson, T.J. and Pitt, B. Am. J. Med. 8:623, 1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Taylor, G.J., Humphries, J.O., Mellits, E.D., et al. Circulation 62:960, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Archibald, D.G., Cohn, J. and VA Cooperative Study Group. Circulation 74(Supp 11):309, 1986.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Farah, A.E. and Aloosi, A.A. Life Sci. 22:1139, 1978.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Terris, S., Bourdillon, P.D.V., Cheng, D., Latts, J., Olsen, S., Nicklas, J. and Pitt, B. Am. J. Cardiol. 58:596, 1986.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Suga, A., Sagawa, K. and Shoukas, A.A. Circ. Res. 32:314, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Grossman, W., Braunwald, E., Mann, T., McLaurin, L.P. and Green, L.H. Circulation 56:845, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Packer, M.J., Meller, J., Medina, N., Yushak, M. and Gorlin, R. N. Engl. J. Med. 306:57, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Strauss, H.W., Harrison, K. and Pitt, B. J. Nucl. Med. 18:1167, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Cease, K.B. and Nicklas, J.M. Am. J. Med. 81:429, 1986.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kannel, W.B. and Abbott, R.D. Am. Heart J. 111:391, 1986.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bertram Pitt
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Michigan Medical SchoolAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations