Evaluation of Ventricular Function in Patients with Heart Failure: Invasive or Noninvasive?

  • Bertram Pitt
Part of the Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine book series (DICM, volume 75)


Before considering the question as to whether ventricular function should be evaluated invasively or noninvasively in patients with heart failure, it may be useful to review the goals in the treatment of heart failure and the reasons for evaluating ventricular function.


Heart Failure Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Ventricular Function Exercise Performance Left Ventricular Filling Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bertram Pitt
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Michigan Medical SchoolAnn ArborUSA

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