Prevention of Recurrent Nephrolithiasis

  • Charles Y. C. Pak
Part of the Topics in Renal Medicine book series (TIRM, volume 5)


The management of nephrolithiasis encompasses two approaches, broadly categorized as surgical and medical. The objective of “surgical approach,” by classical open surgery or by recent techniques of endourology or extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy, is the removal of existing stones which are causing pain, bleeding, or infection.


Stone Formation Calcium Oxalate Stone Disease Intestinal Calcium Absorption Potassium Citrate 
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© Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston 1987

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  • Charles Y. C. Pak

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