Gold pp 299-307 | Cite as

The Origin of Epigenetic Gold Deposits—The Granitization Theory

  • Robert W. Boyle


The origin of granite and allied rocks has been a controversial topic among geologists and petrologists since 1785. Initially the disputation raged between those supporting A. G. Werner (1750–1817) in his Neptunist theory of the sedimentary origin of granitic rocks and those who followed J. Hutton (1726–1797) in his Plutonist theory of the igneous (magmatic) origin of granites. During the early part of the nineteenth century the controversy was partly resolved in favor of Hutton’s magmatic theory, but during the early years and the last half of the nineteenth century another suggested origin for granitic rocks, the transformist theory, reactivated this controversial subject. Early ideas on high-temperature transformation of rocks (granitization) can be seen in the works of Ami Boué (1794–1881), J. Fournet (1801–1869), and H. Sainte-Claire Deville (1816–1881).


Gold Deposit Granitic Rock Magmatic Differentiation Igneous Intrusion Eruptive Rock 
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Copyright information

© Van Nostrand Reinhold 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert W. Boyle
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological Survey of CanadaOttawaCanada

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