The Intrahemispheric Localization and Some Electrophysiological Correlates of Language and Memory

  • George A. Ojemann
Part of the Wenner-Gren Center International Symposium Series book series (WGCISS, volume 47)

Abstract

Issues in the neurobiology of human language involves both lateralization and intrahemispheric organization. Lateralization has been addressed by many of the papers in this volume. Here, we turn to the organization of language within the “dominant” hemisphere. The localization of different language processes there and some electrophysiologic correlates of those processes in the electrocorticogram (ECoG) and single neuronal recordings are discussed.

Keywords

Neurol Peri 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Creutzfeldt, O.D., Ojemann, G., and Lettich, E. (1985). Single neuron activity in the human temporal lobe: I. Listening and speaking. Soc. Neurosci. Abst. 11:879.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fried, I., Ojemann, G and Fetz, E. (1981). Language related potentials specific to human language cortex. Science 212:353–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ingvar, D.H. (1983). Serial aspects of language and speech related to prefrontal cortical activity. Human Neurobiology 2:177–189.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jasper, H. (1960). Unspecific thalamocortical relations. In Handbook of Phsyiology. (eds. J. Fields, H. Magoun and V. Hall). Williams and Wilkins.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lieberman, A.M., Cooper, F.S., Shankweiler, D.P. and Studdert-Kennedy, M. (1967). Perception of the speech code. Psychol. Rev.74:431–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ojemann, G. (1975). Language and the thalamus: Object naming and recall during and after thalamic stimulation. Brain and Language 2:101–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ojemann, G. (1977). Asymmetric function of thalamus in man. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 299:380–96PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ojemann, G. (1978). Organization of short-term verbal memory in language areas of human cortex: Evidence from electrical stimulation. Brain and Language 5:331–48PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ojemann, G. (1979). Individual variability in cortical localization of language. J. Neurosurg. 50:164–69.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ojemaim, G. (1983a). Brain organization for language from the perspective of electrical stimulation mapping. Behvaioral and Brain Sciences 6: 189–206.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ojemann, G. (1983b). Electrical stimulation and the neurobiology of language. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6:221–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ojemann, G., Blick, K. and Ward, A.A. Jr., (1971). Improvement and disturbance of short-term verbal memory during human ventrolateral thalamic stimulation. Brain 94:225–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ojemann, G., Creutzfeldt, O.D. and Lettich, E. (1985). Single neuron activity in the human temporal lobe: II. Naming, reading memory, face and figure matching. Soc. Neurosci. Abst. 11:879Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ojemann, G. and Dodrill, C. (1985). Verbal memory deficits after left temporal lobectomy for epilepsy. J. Neurosurg. 62:101–107PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ojemann, G. and Fedio, P. (1968). The effects of stimulation of human thalamus and parietal and temporal white matter on short-term memory. J. Neurosurg. 29:51–59.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ojemann, G. and Fried, I. (1982). Event related potential correlates of human language cortex measured during cortical resections for epilepsy. Advances in Epileptology 13:3385–388.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ojemann, G. and Lettich, E. (1985). Electrocorticographic correlates of naming and verbal memory. EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 63:832Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ojemann, G., Fedio, P., and VanBuren, J. (1968). Anomia from pulvinar and subcortical parietal stimulation. Brain 91:99–116.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ojemann, G. and VanBuren, J. (1967). Respiratory, heart rate and GSR responses from human diencephalon. Arch. Neurol. 16:74–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ojemann, G. and Ward, A.A., Jr. (1971). Speech representation in ventro lateral thalamus. Brain 94:669–680PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ojemann, G. and Ward, A. A., Jr. (1982). Abnormal movement disorders. In Neurological Surgery. (eds. J. Youmans). SaundersGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ojemann, G. and Whitaker, H., (1978a). Language localization and variability. Brain and Language 6:239–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ojemann, G. and Whitaker, H. (1978b). The bilingual brain. Arch. Neurol. 35:409–12.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Penfield, W. and Roberts, L. (1959). Speech and brain mechanisms. Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ranck, J., Jr. (1975). Which elements are excited in electrical stimulation of mammalian central nervous system: a review. Brain Res. 98:417–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rapport, R., Tan, C., and Whitaker, H. (1983). Language function and dysfunction among Chinese and English-speaking polyglots: Cortical stimulation, Wada testing and clinical studies. Brain and Language 18:342–66.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Skinner, J. and Yingling, C. (1977). Central gaiting mechanisms that regulate event-related potentials and behavior: a neural model for attention. Prog. Clin. Neurophysiol. 1.:30–69.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    VanBuren, J., Fedio, P. and Frederick, G. (1978). Mechanism and localization of speech in the parietotemporal cortex. Neurosurgery 2:233–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Wenner-Gren Center 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • George A. Ojemann

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations