Unit Cell Distortion of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 by Pb(Co,Nb)O3

  • Jeon Kook Lee
  • Hyung Jin Jung
Part of the Materials Science Research book series (MSR, volume 21)


Crystallographic aspects of (1−x)Pb(Zr0.52 Ti0.48)03−xPb(Co1/3Nb2/3)O3 systems were investigated by X-ray diffraction method. System contains rhombohedral, tetragonal, and pseudocubic phases at room temperature.

Crystal symmetry was changed from 4-fold to 3-fold symmetry by substituting Pb(Co1/3 Nb2/3)O3;PCN,to Pb(Zr0.52 Ti0 48)O3;PZT. As the substituted PCN concentration was increased, an increase in a-axis direction and a decrease in c-axis in the perovskite structure occurred simultaneously, so that the crystal symmetry was changed in such a way. Such unit cell distortion was also influenced by sintering temperature. In the higher sintering temperatures, the lattice parameter change occurred in the lower concentration range of PCN.


Piezoelectric Property High Sinter Temperature Relative Dielectric Constant Lower Concentration Range Piezoelectric Vibrator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    T. Ikeda, “A Few Quaternary Systems of Perovskite Type A2+B4+O3 Solid Solutions,” J. Phys. Soc. Jap., 14. {10} 1286–94(1959).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Ikeda, T. Okano, “Piezoelectric Ceramics of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 Modified by A1+B5+O3 on A3+B3+O3,” Jap. J. Appl. Phys., 2{1} 63–64(1963).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Ouchi, K. Nagano, and S. Hayagawa, “Piezoelectric Properties of Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3-PbZrO3 Solid Solution Ceramics,” J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 48 {12} 630–35 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. A. Bokov, I. E. Myl’nikova, “Piezoelectric Properties of New Compound Single Crystals with Perovskite Structure,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela, 2 {11} 2728–32(1960).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Kudo, T. Yazaki, F. Naito, and S. Sugaya,“Dielectric and Piezoelectric Properties of Pb(Co1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3-PbZrO3 Solid Solution Ceramics,” J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 31 {6} 326–328(1970).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. Hanh, K. Uchino, and S. Nomura, “On the Phenomenon of Morphotropic Tetragonal-Rhombohedral Phase Boundary in the Ferroelectric Ceramics,” Japn. J. Appl. Phys. 17 {4} 637–641(1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. A. Gerbert, L. F. Koerner, “Methods of measurement of the parameters of Piezoelectric Vibrators,” Proc. IRE Standard, 1731–37 (1958).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. D. Cullity, “Elements of X-ray diffraction,” Addison-Wesley Pub. Co. 340–342(1978).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    B. Jaffe, “Piezoelectric ceramics,” Academic Press, Nr, 148–160 (1971).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. Gerson, “Variation in Ferroelectric Characteristics of Lead Zirconate Titanate Ceramics Due to Minor Chemical Modification,” J. Appl. Phys. 31, {l} 188–194(1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. Kakegawa and J. Mohri, “A Compositional Fluctuation and Properties of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3,” Solid State Commu., 24 769–772 (1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeon Kook Lee
    • 1
  • Hyung Jin Jung
    • 1
  1. 1.Inorganic Materials Research LaboratoryKorea Advanced Institute of Science and TechnologySeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations