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Collinear Fast-Beam Laser Spectroscopy

  • R. Neugart
Part of the Physics of Atoms and Molecules book series (PAMO)

Abstract

The progress in atomic and molecular spectroscopy has gone hand in hand with improvements of the resolution. Before the tunable narrow-band lasers led to the invention of Doppler-free techniques, spectral lines from cooled hollow-cathode discharges(1) had typical widths larger than 300 MHz, and high resolution was achieved only in rf spectroscopy, e.g., within hyperfine structure multiplets, by the classical techniques like atomic beam magnetic resonance,(2) optical pumρing,(3) or double resonance.(4) While the Doppler broadening
$$\delta {v_D} = {v_0}{\left( {{{8kT{\rm{ }}\ln {\rm{ 2}}} \over {m{c^2}}}} \right)^{1/2}}$$
(1)
is negligible for resonance frequencies v 0 in the rf regime, the narrowing of optical resonances by cooling to low temperatures, T, has obvious limits. On the other hand, Eq. (1) holds for an isotropic thermal velocity distribution, and a narrow Doppler width requires a reduction in the spread of velocity components only along the direction of observation. It is well known from ion optics that this can be achieved by electrostatic acceleration.

Keywords

Doppler Shift Quadrupole Moment Hyperfine Structure Laser Spectroscopy Isotope Shift 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Neugart
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für PhysikUniversität MainzMainzFederal Republic of Germany

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