The Viroids pp 221-233 | Cite as

Potato Spindle Tuber

  • T. O. Diener
Part of the The Viruses book series (VIRS)


Of all plant diseases now known to be caused by viroids, the potato spindle tuber disease was the first to be recognized and studied by plant pathologists. Also, it was during efforts to purify a putative virus from potato spindle tuber-affected plants that the aberrant properties of the causative agent were recognized, the first viroid isolated, and the viroid concept developed. Thus, the potato spindle tuber disease truly represents the prototype of all viroid diseases.


Irish Cobbler Nucleic Acid Hybridization Severe Strain Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid Mild Strain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bonde, R., and Merriam, D., 1951, Studies on the dissemination of the potato spindle tuber virus by mechanical inoculation, Am. Potato /. 28:558.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brakke, M. K., 1970, Systemic infections for the assay of plant viruses, Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 8:61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Diener, T. O., 1972, Potato spindle tuber viroid. VIII. Correlation of infectivity with a UV-absorbing component and thermal denaturation properties of the RNA, Virology 50:606.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Diener, T. O., 1979, Viroids and Viroid Diseases ,Wiley-Interscience, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Diener, T. O., and Lawson, R. H., 1973, Chrysanthemum stunt: A viroid disease, Virology 51:94.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Diener, T. O., and Raymer, W. B., 1971, Potato spindle tuber “virus,” CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 66.Google Scholar
  7. Diener, T. O., Hadidi, A., and Owens, R. A., 1977, Methods for studying viroids, in: Methods in Virology ,Vol. 6 (K. Maramorosch and H. Koprowski, eds.), pp. 185–217, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Fernandez Valiela, M. V., and Calderon, A. V., 1965, The search for potato growing areas in the Argentine Republic, Atlas Inst. Micol. 2:60 (quoted from Rev. Appl. Mycol. 45:552, 1966).Google Scholar
  9. Fernow, K. H., 1967, Tomato as a test plant for detecting mild strains of potato spindle tuber virus, Phytopathology 57:1347.Google Scholar
  10. Fernow, K. H., Peterson, L. C., and Plaisted, R. L., 1969, The tomato test for eliminating spindle tuber from potato planting stock, Am. Potato J. 46:424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fernow, K. H., Peterson, L. C., and Plaisted, R. L., 1970, Spindle tuber virus in seeds and pollen of infected potato plants, Am. Potato ]. 47:75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Folsom, D., 1926, Virus diseases of the potato, Quebec Soc. Prot. Plants 18th Annu. Rep. pp. 14–29.Google Scholar
  13. Goss, R. W., 1924, Effect of environment on potato degeneration diseases, Univ. Nebraska Agric. Exp. St. Res. Bull. 26.Google Scholar
  14. Gratz, L. O., and Schultz, E. S., 1931, Observations on certain virus diseases of potatoes in Florida and Maine, Am. Potato f. 7:187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gross, H. J., Domdey, H., Lossow, C., fank, P., Raba, M., Alberty, H., and Sänger, H. L., 1978, Nucleotide sequence and secondary structure of potato spindle tuber viroid, Nature 273:203.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Leont’eva, Y. A., 1964, Identification of potato gothic, Izv. Kuibyshev. sel.-Khoz. Inst. 14:279 (quoted from Rev. Appl. Mycol. 45:273, 1966).Google Scholar
  17. Li, H. f., 1983, Prospects for the use of true seed to grow potato, in: Research for the Potato in the Year 2000 (W. J. Hooker, ed.), pp. 17–18, International Potato Center, Lima, Peru.Google Scholar
  18. Manzer, F. E., and Merriam, D., 1961, Field transmission of the potato spindle tuber virus and virus X by cultivating and hilling equipment, Am. Potato f. 38:346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Martin, W. H., 1922, “Spindle tuber,” a new potato trouble, Hints to Potato Growers, N.J. State Potato Assoc. 3, No. 8.Google Scholar
  20. Morris, T. f., and Smith, E. M., 1977, Potato spindle tuber disease: Procedures for the detection of viroid RNA and certification of disease-free potato tubers, Phytopathology 67:145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Morris, T. J., and Wright, N. S., 1975, Detection on polyacrylamide gel of a diagnostic nucleic acid from tissue infected with potato spindle tuber viroid, Am. Potato /. 52:57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Niblett, C. L., Dickson, E., Fernow, K. H., Horst, R. K., and Zaitlin, M., 1978, Cross protection among four viroids, Virology 91:198.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Owens, R. A., and Diener, T. O., 1981, Sensitive and rapid diagnosis of potato spindle tuber disease by nucleic acid hybridization, Science 213:670.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Raymer, W. B., and Diener, T. O., 1969, Potato spindle tuber virus: A plant virus with properties of a free nucleic acid. I. Assay, extraction, and concentration, Virology 37:343.Google Scholar
  25. Raymer, W. B., and O’Brien, M. J., 1962, Transmission of potato spindle tuber virus to tomato, Am. Potato /. 39:401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Raymer, W. B., O’Brien, M. J., and Merriam, D., 1964, Tomato as a source of and indicator plant for the potato spindle tuber virus. Am. Potato J. 41:311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sawyer, R. L., 1979, Annual Report, 1978, p. iii, International Potato Center, Lima, Peru.Google Scholar
  28. Schnölzer, M., Haas, B., Ramm, K., Hofmann, H., and Sänger, H. L., 1985, Correlation between structure and pathogenicity of potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTV), EMBO J. 4:2181.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Schultz, E. S., and Folsom, D., 1923, Transmission, variation, and control of certain degeneration diseases of Irish potatoes, J. Agric. Res. 25:43.Google Scholar
  30. Singh, R. P., 1970, Occurrence, symptoms, and diagnostic hosts of strains of potato spindle tuber virus, Phytopathology 60:1314.Google Scholar
  31. Singh, R. P., 1973, Experimental host range of the potato spindle tuber “virus,” Am. Potato f. 50:111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Singh, R. P., Finnie, R. E., and Bagnall, R. H., 1970, Relative prevalence of mild and severe strains of potato spindle tuber virus in eastern Canada, Am. Potato /. 47:289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Singh, R. P., Finnie, R. E., and Bagnall, R. H., 1971, Losses due to the potato spindle tuber virus, Am. Potato J. 48:262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Webb, R. E., 1958, Schultz potato virus collection, Am. Potato /. 35:615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. O. Diener
    • 1
  1. 1.Microbiology and Plant Pathology Laboratory, Agricultural Research ServiceU.S. Department of AgricultureBeltsvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations