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Positronium Diffusivity- and Lifetime Parameters and the Micellar Structure in Aqueous (D2O) SDS Solutions

  • Sz. Vass
  • Zs. Kajcsos
  • B. Molnar

Abstract

A new method based on a microscopic orthopositronium (o-Ps) diffusion model is presented for the evaluation of positron annihilation spectra obtained from micellar solutions. In contrast with the conventional models, the o-Ps lifetime density function is non-exponential and depends on the following parameters: the formation- an annihilation probabilities of o-Ps in the solvent and in the micellar pseudophase, the diffusion coefficients of o-Ps and the micelles in the solvent, as well as the structural data of the micellar solution (surfactant concentration, micellar aggregation number and radius). Orthopositronium diffusion coefficients are determined by fitting this lifetime density function to positron annihilation spectra obtained from 1 mol/dm3 solution of sodium dodecylsulphate (SDS) in D2O at different temperatures. The activation energy of the o-Ps diffusion in D2O is obtained from the Arrhenius plot as Ea∼O.7 eV.

Keywords

Surfactant Concentration Micellar Solution Positron Lifetime Lifetime Spectrum Positron Lifetime Spectrum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sz. Vass
    • 1
  • Zs. Kajcsos
    • 1
  • B. Molnar
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Research Institute for Physics of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary

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