Effects of culture and cryopreservation on human oocyte and embryo ultrastructure and function

  • A. Henry Sathananthan
  • Alan Trounson
Part of the Electron Microscopy in Biology and Medicine book series (EMBM, volume 5)


The technique of in vitro fertilization (IVF) involves the removal of the oocyte from the ovary under negative pressure and the exposure of the oocyte to a series of manipulations and solutions that are very different to those experienced in vivo.


Human Embryo Zona Pellucida Cumulus Cell Human Oocyte Cortical Granule 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Henry Sathananthan
    • 1
  • Alan Trounson
  1. 1.Lincoln School of Health SciencesLaTrobe UniversityCarltonAustralia

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