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Bovine Herpesvirus-4 (BHV-4) Infections of Cattle

  • E. Thiry
  • M. Bublot
  • J. Dubuisson
  • P.-P. Pastoret
Part of the Developments in Veterinary Virology book series (DVVI, volume 9)

Abstract

The bovine herpesvirus-4 (BHV-4) group comprises several antigenically related herpesviruses isolated from a variety of clinical syndromes as well as from apparently healthy cattle. Except for a few isolates, they are mildly or not pathogenic for cattle. Mononuclear blood cells and lymphoid organs are the sites of acute and latent infections in cattle and rabbits. A site of latency in nervous tissue also has been described in cattle. From some of its biological characteristics, such as the morphogenesis in infected cells and a slow viral growth curve, BHV-4 was tentatively classified as cytomegalovirus. Recent molecular data have allowed BHV-4 to be classified as a group B herpesvirus. Natural and experimental infections do not induce high levels of neutralizing antibodies so that serological diagnosis is best achieved by ELISA or immunofluorescence antibody tests. BHV-4 infection has a worldwide distribution: it has been already diagnosed in Europe, America and Africa.

Keywords

Thymidine Kinase Trigeminal Ganglion Latent Infection Bovine Herpesvirus Malignant Catarrhal Fever 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Thiry
    • 1
  • M. Bublot
    • 1
  • J. Dubuisson
    • 1
  • P.-P. Pastoret
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Virology-Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of LiègeBrusselsBelgium

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