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Leishmaniasis pp 255-257 | Cite as

Cell Biology and Immunology of Leishmaniasis

  • F. E. G. Cox
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 171)

Abstract

The spectrum of diseases that collectively constitute leishmaniasis ranges from simple cutaneous lesions that heal spontaneously to mucocutaneous conditions with metastatic spread or visceral involvement in which spontaneous recovery is rare. In man, these forms of disease can be loosely assigned to particular species or subspecies of Leishmania but correlations are not absolute suggesting that the outcome of the infection depends on the immune response of the host as much as it does on the nature of the invading organism. This concept is well supported by experimental evidence and it is clear that in mice three species, Leishmania donovani, L. major and L. mexicana mexicana, cause infections that are determined by the genotype of the host. Research pioneered by Jenefer Blackwell, and reported upon in these proceedings, has actually shown that the outcome of the infections caused by all three species is determined by genes occurring at or near the murine H-11 locus (Roberts, Kaye, Milon and Blackwell). At another level, L. major infections self cure in CEA or C3H mice but are fatal and visceralize in BALB/C mice. The importance of these findings is that they show that susceptibility or resistance to leishmaniasis can be controlled by the host and, provided that the immune system can be directed against the invader, that vaccination against this disease is possible.

Keywords

Surface Molecule Spontaneous Recovery Major Infection Visceral Involvement Cell Mediate Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. E. G. Cox
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biophysics, Cell and Molecular BiologyKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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