Advertisement

Development of a Total Body Chlorine Analyser Using a Bismuth Germanate Detector System and a 252Cf Neutron Source

  • N. Blagojevic
  • B. J. Allen
  • A. Rose
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 55)

Abstract

The initial method for in vivo determination of total body chlorine (TBCl) was total body neutron activation followed by whole body counting of residual products. The technique relied on the exposure of the subject to a sufficient fluence of neutrons to activate body sodium and chlorine. Subsequently, 38Cl and 24Na were quantified and correlated to the extracellular water (ECW) previously determined by tracer dilution analysis (Yasumura et al., 1983). The najor drawbacks of this technique are the following:
  1. a)

    the radiation exposure during the activation process is approximately 280 mrem (2.8 mSv);

     
  2. b)

    the method is time consuming as it consists of two separate operations, namely activation and a counting step;

     
  3. c)

    the unit cost is high because it requires two separate facilities and a number of high flux neutron sources; and

     
  4. d)

    the patient must be quickly moved iron one facility into another to be counted as 38Cl, the chlorine activation product, which has a half-life of only 37.3 minutes.

     

Keywords

Neutron Source Total Body Water Chlorine Concentration Body Composition Study Bismuth Germanate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, B. J., Baily, C.M., and McGregor, B.J., 1985, Dose equivalent distribution in the AAEC total body nitrogen facility, Proc. Fourth Australian Conference on Nuclear Techniques of Analysis, Sydney, AINSE.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, B. J., Blagojevic. N.. McGregor, Parsons, D. E., Gaskin, K., Soutter, V., Waters. D., Allman, N., Stewart, P., and Tiller, D., 1987, In-vivo determination of protein in malnourished patients, in: “In vivo Body Composition Studies”, K.J. Ellis, S. Yasumura, and W.D. Morgan, eds., Institute of Physical Sciences In Medicine, England.Google Scholar
  3. Beddoe, A. H., Streat, S. J., and Hill, G. L., 1987. Measurement of total body chlorine by prompt gamma in vivo neutron activation analysis, Phys Med Biol. 32: 191.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bird, J. R., Allen. B. J., Bergqvist, I., and Biggerstaff, J. A., 1973. Compilation of KeV-neutron-capture gamma-ray spectra, Nucl. Data Tab. 11: 433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ryde, S. S., Morgan, W. D., Evans, C. J., Dutton. J., Sivyer, A., McNeil, E., and Sandhu, S., 1987, A new multi-element system using Cf-252 calibration and performance, in: “In vivo Body Composition Studies”, K.J. Ellis. S. Yasumura, and W.D. Morgan, eds., Institute of Physical Sciences in Medicine, England.Google Scholar
  6. Yasumura, S., Cohn, S. H., and Ellis, K. J., 1983, Measurement of extracellular space by total body neutron activation, Am J Phys. 13: R36.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Blagojevic
    • 1
  • B. J. Allen
    • 1
  • A. Rose
    • 1
  1. 1.Australian Nuclear Science and Technology OrganisationMenaiAustralia

Personalised recommendations