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In Vivo Measurements of Lead in Bone

  • Jari Erkkilä
  • Vesa Riihimäki
  • Jukka Starck
  • Anne Paakkari
  • Boris Kock
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 55)

Abstract

Occupational exposure to lead is commonly monitored by means of repeated blood lead determinations. Blood lead reflects mainly current lead exposure and dose response studies indicate that it is an important predictor of health effects. Lead is a highly cumulating metal, however, and more than 95 % of the total body burden resides in the skeleton (Barry, 1975). It is therefore important to determine bone lead levels for the evaluation of the cumulative long-term exposure.

Keywords

Lead Concentration Lead Exposure Blood Lead Concentration Lead Worker Bone Lead 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Barry, P. S. I., 1975, Comparison of concentrations of lead in human tissues. Br J Ind Med, 32; 119.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Chettle, D. R., Scott, K. C., and Somnervaille, L. J., 1989, Improvements in the precision of in vivo bone lead measurements, Phys Med, Biol., 34:1295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Sommervaille, L. J., Chettle, D. R., and Scott, M. C., 1985, In vivo measurement of lead in bone using X-ray fluorescence, Phys Med Biol, 30: 929.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Sommervaille, L. J., Chettle, D. R., Scott. M. C., Tennant, D. R., McKiernan, M. J., Skilbeck, A., and Trethowan, U. K., 1988, In vivo tibia measurements as an index of cumulative exposure in occupational exposed subjects, Br J Ind Med, 45: 174.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jari Erkkilä
    • 1
  • Vesa Riihimäki
    • 1
  • Jukka Starck
    • 1
  • Anne Paakkari
    • 1
  • Boris Kock
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Occupational HealthVantaaFinland
  2. 2.South-Saimaa Central HospitalLappeenrantaFinland

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