Using Knowledge Based Systems to Support Anaesthetists as an Expert Assistant in Surgical Procedures and in Virtual Reality for Their Training

  • Mike Thorn
  • Roger Brooks
  • Darren Granger
  • David Glenton
Part of the The Kluwer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 372)


Two Knowledge Based System projects for anaesthetists are discussed, based on a set of rules relating to the maintenance phase of surgical anaesthesia. The Expert Assistant for an anaesthetist is the use of a KBS to make inferences from the instrument readings and to prompt and offer advice on possible problems. Examples of the rule set are given.

The use of KBS in the training of anaesthetists is discussed in relation to the simulation of unusual incidents in surgical procedures. The need is identified to be for a realistic patient model. Two development systems based on Bitmap images and non-immersive Virtual Reality are compared against user reaction. Results for the simulations show that an adequare simulation is posible on a 486 PC platform.


Virtual Reality Maintenance Phase Surgical Anaesthesia Facial Animation Virtual Reality Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Earnshaw, RA, Gigante MA and Jones H Virtual Reality Systems Academic Press LtdGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mike Thorn
    • 1
  • Roger Brooks
    • 2
  • Darren Granger
    • 3
  • David Glenton
    • 4
  1. 1.University of HuddersfieldUK
  2. 2.Huddersfield Royal InfirmaryUK
  3. 3.University of HuddersfieldUK
  4. 4.University of HuddersfieldUK

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