In vivo effects of vanadate on hepatic glycogen metabolizing and lipogenic enzymes in insulin-dependent and insulin-resistant diabetic animals

  • Ramji L. Khandelwal
  • Subbiah Pugazhenthi
Part of the Developments in Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry book series (DMCB, volume 16)


The insulin-mimetic action of vanadate is well established but the exact mechanism by which it exerts this effect is still not clearly understood. The role of insulin in the regulation of hepatic glycogen metabolizing and lipogenic enzymes is well known. In our study, we have, therefore, examined the effects of vanadate on these hepatic enzymes using four different models of diabetic and insulin-resistant animals. Vanadate normalized the blood glucose levels in all animal models. In streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats, the amount of liver glycogen and the activities of the active-form of glycogen synthase, both active and inactive-forms of Phosphorylase, and lipogenic enzymes like glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and malic enzyme were decreased and vanadate treatment normalized all of these to near normal levels. The other three animal models (db/db mouse, sucrose-fed rats and fa/fa obese Zucker rats) were characterized by hyperinsulinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, increases in activities of lipogenic enzymes, and marginal changes in glycogen metabolizing enzymes. Vanadate treatment brought all of these values towards normal levels. It should be noted that vanadate shows differential effects in the modulation of lipogenic enzymes activities in type I and type II diabetic animals. It increases the activities of lipogenic enzymes in streptozotocin-induced diabetic animals and prevents the elevation of activities of these enzymes in hyperinsulinemic animals. The insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of insulin receptor β subunit and its tyrosine kinase activity was increased in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats after treatment with vanadate. Our results support the view that insulin receptor is one of the sites involved in the insulin-mimetic actions of vanadate.

Key words

vanadate diabetes glycogen synthase Phosphorylase lipogenic enzymes liver 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramji L. Khandelwal
    • 1
  • Subbiah Pugazhenthi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, College of MedicineUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

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