Introduction to design, planning and control of cellular manufacturing systems
The long-term goals of a manufacturing enterprise are to stay in business, grow and make profits. To achieve these goals it is necessary for these enterprises to understand the business environment. The twenty-first century business environment can be characterized by expanding global competition and customer individualism leading to high-variety products which are low in demand. In the 1970s the cost of products used to be the main lever for obtaining competitive advantage. In the 1980s quality superseded cost and became an important competitive dimension. Now low unit-cost and high quality products no longer solely define the competitive advantage for most manufacturing enterprises. Today, the customer takes both minimum cost and high quality for granted. Factors such as delivery performance, customization of products and environmental issues such as waste generation are assuming a predominant role in defining the success of manufacturing enterprises in terms of increased market share and profitability. The question is: what can be done under these changing circumstances to stay in business and retain competitive advantage?
KeywordsManufacturing System Setup Time Flexible Manufacturing System Group Technology Cellular Manufacturing
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