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Molybdenum and Tungsten Bronzes

Low-Dimensional Metals with Unusual Properties
  • Martha Greenblatt
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 354)

Abstract

There has been a great deal of interest in reduced transition metal oxide bronzes for several decades. Sodium tungsten oxide, NaxWO3 was discovered by Wohler in 1825, who called these materials bronzes, because of their metallic luster [1]. The term bronze has been extended to a large variety of ternary transition metal oxides with the general formula AxMyOz and bronzes are known with A as virtually any cation and M as Ti, V, Mn, Nb, Mo, Ta, W, Re. Binary, reduced transition metal oxides (e.g., Mo4O11, ReO3), as well as quaternary and more complex compositions are often classified as bronzes as well. The structures of these materials are closely related to that of ReO3 with MO6 corner and/or edge-sharing octahedra arranged in either a three-dimensional (3D) network or two-dimensional (2D) layer-like structure; the A cations fill the interstitial sites created by the corner/edge-sharing polyhedra. Typically the bronzes are intensely colored with a metallic sheen, chemically inert to even strong acids and exhibit metallic or semiconducting behavior. There has been continuous interest in the bronzes. However, research in this area intensified since the early 1980’s with the discovery of charge-density-wave (CDW) phenomenon in the first oxide material, the quasi-one-dimensional (ID) blue bronze, K0.3MoO3 [2]. Subsequently, evidence of CDW in the 2D purple molybdenum bronzes(A0.9Mo6O17) [3] and sliding CDW motion in the blue bronzes fueled further interest. Recently, the discovery of cascading, multiple CDW’s in the 2D- monophosphate tungsten bronzes (MPTB, (PO2)4(WO3)2m) [4] generated renewed interest in these materials. Moreover, discovery of the high temperature (Tc) superconducting cuprates with similar low-dimensional (LD) structural and electronic properties raises new questions about the properties of the LD bronzes and their relationship to the high Tc materials.

Keywords

Magnetic Susceptibility Fermi Surface Tungsten Bronze Peierls Transition Metallic Sheen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martha Greenblatt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, RutgersThe State University of New JerseyPiscatawayUSA

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