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The Impact of Late Pleistocene—Early Holocene Climatic Changes on Humans in Southwest Asia

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Part of the Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology book series (IDCA)

Abstract

The aim of this chapter is to provide basic evidence for the impact of climatic fluctuations on human cultures in southwest Asia during the terminal Pleistocene and early Holocene. Climatic evidence is drawn from deep sea cores in the eastern Mediterranean and terrestrial pollen records mainly from Turkey and northwest Iran, with fewer from Syria and Israel (Fontugne et al. 1994 van Zeist and Bottema 1991). Geomorphological and chemical information concerning paleolakes and river terraces is available from the Levant. Archaeological information comes from the most intensive archaeological investigations of this period conducted in the southern Levant (Israel and Jordan), with fewer data from the northern Levant (Lebanon and Syria) and fragmentary information from neighboring countries. It should therefore be noted that this geographic bias may impair the validity of the more general conclusions.

Keywords

Last Glacial Maximum Storm Track Eastern Mediterranean Region Summer Rain Abrupt Climatic Change 
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© Plenum Press, New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anthropology, Peabody MuseumHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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