Renal Tumors in Childhood

  • Robert Kay
  • Jonathan H. Ross
Part of the Atlas of Clinical Urology book series (ACU)


Renal tumors in children range from the benign neonatal congenital mesoblastic nephroma to the highly malignant anaplastic Wilms’ tumor. Despite the intense interest in renal tumors in children because of their genetic implications and understanding of oncogenesis, these tumors are relatively rare. Wilms’ tumors are the most common genitourinary solid tumor in children, yet they only occur in one in every 10,000 children [1]. The treatment, however, of Wilms’ tumor as well as the other tumors in children is one of the great modern miracles of medicine. Before the combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery, the survival rate of Wilms’ tumor in the early 20th century was only 20% [2]. Currently, as a result of better understanding of the tumors themselves and the multimodal approach to therapy, survival has continued to improve to its current rate of more than 90% [3–5].


Renal Cell Carcinoma Renal Tumor Tumor Study Clear Cell Sarcoma Malignant Rhabdoid Tumor 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Kay
  • Jonathan H. Ross

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