Dose Calculations for Radiation Treatment Planning

  • Radhe Mohan
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 38)

Abstract

The most common method of treating cancer patients with radiation is externally applied beams of photons generated by linear accelerators, or by high-intensity 60Co radioactive sources. Electron beams generated by linear accelerators also are employed, but not as often as photon beams. Other particles, such as protons, neutrons, pions and heavy ions, have been experimented with, but their use is limited to a few research facilities. For certain types of tumors, internally applied radiation, alone or in combination with external radiation, is suitable. In this chapter, we will confine ourselves to externally applied photon and electron beams only.

Keywords

Attenuation Posit Convolution Tray 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. R. Cunningham, “Scatter-air Ratios”, Phys. Med. Biol., 11 15 (1976).MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Cunningham, P. Shrivastava, J. Wilkinson, “Program IRREG—Calculation of Dose from Irregularly Shaped Radiation Beams”, Comput. Programs in Biomed. 2 192 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. B. Larson and S. C. Prasad, “Absorbed-dose Computations for Inhomogeneous Media in Radiation-Treatment Planning Using Differential Scatter-air Ratios”, IEEE Proceedings of the Second Annual Symposium on Computer Application in Medical Care (1978) 93.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. R. Mackie, J. W. Scrimger, J. J. Battista, “A Convolution Method of Calculating Dose for 15-MV X-rays”, Med. Phys. 12 (1985) 188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Mohan, C. Chui, L. Lidofsky, “Differential Pencil Beam Dose Computation Model for Photons”, Med. Phys. 13 (1986) 64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. Mohan and C. Chui, “Validity of the Concept of Separating Primary and Scatter Dose”, Med. Phys. 12 (1985) 726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. R. Hogstrom, M. M. Mills and P. R. Almond, “Electron beam dose Calculations”, Phys. Med. Biol. 26 (1981) 445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Mohan and C. Chui, “Use of Fast Fourier Transforms in Calculating Dose Distributions for Irregularly Shaped Fields for Three-dimensional Treatment Planning”, Med. Phys. 14 (1987) 70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. Mohan, C. Chui, L. Lidofsky, “Energy and Angular Distributions of Photons from Medical Linear Accelerators”, Med. Phys. 12 (1985) 592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. L. Ford and W. R. Nelson, “The EGS Code. Computer Programs for the Monte Carlo Simulation of Electromagnetic Cascade Showers”, SLAC-210 (1978)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Mohan, R. Riley and J. S. Laughlin, “Electron Beam Treatment Planning: A Review of Dose Computation Methods”, in Computer Tomography in Radiation Therapy, edited by C. C. Ling, C. C. Rogers and R. J. Morton, ( Raven Press, New York, 1983 ) 229.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radhe Mohan
    • 1
  1. 1.Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations