Synthesis of Certain Specific Electroactive Polymers

  • Fred Wudl
  • Y. Ikenoue
  • A. O. Patil


Among the many synthetic challenges in electroactive polymers we consider here those which we believe are the most important: (a) to prepare polymers which have a very small semiconductor bandgap and (b) to prepare polymers which are soluble and hence fabricable. In this presentation we describe our efforts as well as those of others to achieve these goals.


Electronic Spectrum Tetrabutylammonium Bromide Electroactive Polymer Hydrogen Resonance Bandgap Reduction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1a.
    K.-Y. Jen, R. Oboodi, and R. Elsenbaumer, Synth. Met. 15:169 (1986);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 1b.
    M. A. Sato, S. Tanaka, and K. Kaeriyama, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 20 873 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 2.
    S. Hotta, S. D. D. V. Rughooputh, A. J. Heeger, and F. Wudl, Macromol. 20:212 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 3.
    J. L. Bredas, Synth. Met. 17:115 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 4.
    F. Wudl, M. Kobayashi, N. Colaneri, M. Boysel, and A. J. Heeger, Mol. Crvst. Liq. Crvst. 118:195 (1985).Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    S. A. Jenekhe, Nature 322:345 (1986). Note that in this case fusing both "quinoid" and "benzenoid" forms "statically" into the same backbone gives rise to a macromolecule with a degenerate ground state (analogous to polyacetylene) but cannot give a zero bandgap because the same bond alternation that exists in polyacetylene also exists in this case.Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    K.-Y. Jen and R. Elsenbaumer Svnth. Met. 16:379 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 7a. M. P. Cava, N. M. Pollak, O. A. Mamer, and M. J. Mitchell, J. Org. Chem. 36:3932 (1971); J. Bornstein and R. P. Hardy J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun. 612 (1972).Google Scholar
  9. 8.
    S. A. Jenekhe, Nature 1986, 322. 345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.
    S. A. Jenekhe, Macromolecules 1986,19, 2663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 10.
    S. A. Jenekhe, Polym. Preprints 1986, 74.Google Scholar
  12. 11.
    A. O Patil and F. Wudl, Polym. Preprints 1987, in pressGoogle Scholar
  13. 12.
    In references 7 and 8 it is claimed that polymer 3 is blue with a A,max of 692nm and a bandgap of 810nm (1.53 eV). The pure polymer is actually off white with A,max of 332nm and a hint of absorption in the 700- 800nm region (cf Fig. 2), indicating a small degree of unsaturation. However, both pure and impure polymers show qualitatively the same electronic spectroscopy behavior when brominated (the former less dramatically so than the latter).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Wudl
    • 1
  • Y. Ikenoue
    • 1
  • A. O. Patil
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Polymers and Organic Solids Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA

Personalised recommendations