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Immunosuppressive Treatment of Graves’ Ophthalmopathy with Ophthalmopathy with Cyclosporin A and Ciamexon

  • Christa Utech
  • Michael Cordes
  • Peter Pfannenstiel
  • Klaus G. Wulle

Abstract

Presently Graves’ ophthalmopathy is considered to be an organ specific autoimmune disorder as shown by Wang et al. (1) and Volpe (2). Since 1983 patients with severe progressive Graves’ disease stage IV to VI according to the classification by Werner (3) receive an immunosuppressive treatment with Cyclosporin A (CyA) in a low dosage alone or in combination with corticosteroids on a short term basis as shown by Wheetman at al. (4) and Utech et al. (5). We are also examining the efficiency of Ciamexon - a new immunomodulating drug - with no known side effects.

Keywords

Immunosuppressive Treatment Thyroid Autoimmunity Decompressive Surgery Severe Stage Immunomodulating Drug 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    P.W. Wang, Y. Hiromatsu, E. Laryea, L. Wosu, J. How and J.R. Wall, J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 63, 316–322 (1986).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    R. Volpe, Marcell Dekker, Inc., New York (1985).Google Scholar
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    S.C. Werner, J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 29, 282–284 (1969).Google Scholar
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    A.P. Weetmann, M. Ludgate, P.V. Mills, A.M. McGregor, L. Beck and J.H. Lazarus, Lancet 2, 486–489 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    C. Utech, K.G. Wulle, E.U. Bieler, P. Pfannenstiel, N. Panitz and H. Kiefer, Acta Endocrin. 110, 493–498 (1985).Google Scholar
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    J. Draeger, “Pseudoglaukom” bei endokrinem Exophthalmus, Ber. dtsch. ophthal. Ges. 63: 148–165 (1961).Google Scholar
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    K.G. Wulle, C. Utech, H.L. Christl, Blickrichtungstonoraetrie oder -tonographie bei endokriner Ophthalmopathie, Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk., in press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christa Utech
    • 1
  • Michael Cordes
    • 1
  • Peter Pfannenstiel
    • 1
  • Klaus G. Wulle
    • 1
  1. 1.Deutsche Klinik für DiagnostikFachbereich NuklearmedizinWiesbadenGermany

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