Advertisement

Assumptions about the Brain and Its Recovery from Damage

  • Robert L. Isaacson

Abstract

Any consideration of how the brain recovers from damage must be linked to some idea, however vague, about how the brain operates. Frankly, we are a very long way from understanding how the brain as an entity, or its subdivisions, acts to produce the mental and behavioral characteristics of people. Yet without any firm foundation of this knowledge, as scientists, we must proceed in our research programs to generate an empirical basis for the understanding that we anticipate we will someday achieve.

Keywords

Biogenic Amine Brain Damage Cortical Blindness Dorsal Thalamus Limbic Brain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ashby, W. R., 1960, Design for a Brain. The Origin of Adaptive Behaviour, second ed., Chapman and Hall, London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barron, D. H., 1934, The results of unilateral pyramidal section in the rat, J. Comp. Neurol. 60:45–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bartfai, T., 1985, Presynaptic aspects of the coexistence of classical neurotransmitters and peptides, Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 6:331–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Benson, D. F., 1979, Aphasia, in: Clinical Neuropsychology (K. M. Heilman and E. Valentein, eds.), Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 22–58.Google Scholar
  5. Brown, L. T., 1971, Projections and termination of the corticospinal tract in rodents, Exp. Brain Res. 13:432–450.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bucy, P. C, 1961, The delusion of the obvious, Perspect. Biol. Med. 9:358–375.Google Scholar
  7. Bucy, P. C, 1966, The delusion of the obvious, Perspec. Biol. Med., 9:358–368.Google Scholar
  8. Castro, A. J., 1972, The effects of cortical ablations on digital usage in the rat, Brain Res. 37:173–185.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Donovick, P. J., and Burright, R. G., 1984, Roots to the future: Gene—environment coaction and individual vulnerability to neural insult, in: Early Brain Damage, Volume 2 (S. Finger and C. R. Almli, eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 291–312.Google Scholar
  10. Euvrard, C, Oberlander, C, and Boissier, J. R., 1980, Antidopaminergic effect of estrogens at the striatal level, J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 214:179–185.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Fedio, P., and Van Buren, J. M., 1975, Memory and perceptual deficits during electrical stimulation in the left and right thalamus and parietal subcortex, Brain Language 2:78–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Goldstein, K., 1942, After Effects of Brain Injuries in War. Their Evaluation and Treatment, Grune & Stratton, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Herrick, C. J., 1948, The Brain of the Tiger Salamander, Annhystoma Trigrinum, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.Google Scholar
  14. Humphry, N. K., and Weiskrantz, L., 1967, Vision in monkeys after removal of the striate cortex, Nature 215:595–597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Huston, J. P., and Borbely, A. A., 1973, Operant conditioning in forebrain ablated rats by use of rewarding hypothalamic stimulation, Brain Res. 50:467–472.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Isaacson, R. L., 1975, The myth of recovery from early brain damage, in: Aberrant Development in Infancy: Human and Animal Studies (N. R. Ellis, ed.), Lawrence Erlbaum, Potomac, MD, pp. 1–16.Google Scholar
  17. Isaacson, R. L., 1982, The Limbic system, second ed., Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Isaacson, R. L., Springer, J. E., and Ryan, J. P., 1986, Cholinergic and catecholaminergic modification of the hippocampal lesion syndrome, in: The Hippocampus, Volume 4 (R. L. Isaacson and K. H. Pribram, eds.), Plenum Press, New York, pp. 127–158.Google Scholar
  19. Jackson, J. H., 1984, The evolution and dissolution of the nervous system, Br. Med. J. 1(591):660–703.Google Scholar
  20. Lennenberg, E. H., 1967, Biological Foundations of Language, John Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  21. Lilly, J. C, 1958, Neurophysiological activity and short term behavior, in: Biological and Biochemical Basis of Behavior (H. F. Harlow and C. N. Woolsy, eds,), University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, pp. 83–100.Google Scholar
  22. MacLean, P. D., 1970, The triune brain, emotion, and scientific bias, in: The Neurosciences. Second Study Program (F. O. Schmidt, ed.), Rockefeller University Press, New York, pp. 336–349.Google Scholar
  23. Meyer, P. M., 1963, Analysis of visual behavior in cats with extensive neocortical ablations, J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol 56:397–401.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Meyer, P. M., and Meyer, D. R., 1982, Memory, remembering, and amnesia, in: The Expression of Knowledge (R. L. Isaacson and N. E. Spear, eds.), Plenum Press, New York, pp. 179–212.Google Scholar
  25. Meyer, P. M., Hovel, J. A., and Meyer, D. R., 1963, Effects of dl-amphetamine upon placing responses in neodecorticate cats, J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol. 56:402–405.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. O’Donohue, T. L., Millington, W. R., Handelman, G., Contreras, P. C, and Chronwall, B. M., 1985, On the 50th anniversary of Dale’s law: Multiple transmitter neurons, Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 6:305–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ojemann, G. A., 1976, Subcortical language mechanisms, in: Studies inNeurolinguistics, Volume 1 (H. Whitaker and H. A. Whitaker, eds.), Academic Press, New York, pp. 103–108.Google Scholar
  28. Pribram, K. H., 1971, Languages of the Brain, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
  29. Rainbow, T. C, Degroff, V., Luine, V. R, and McEwen, B. S., 1980, Estradiol- 17β increases the number of muscarinic receptors in hypothalamic nuclei, Brain Res. 198:239–243.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Riklan, M., and Cooper, I., 1975, Psychometric studies of verbal fonctions following thalamic lesions in humans, Brain and Language, 2:45–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Robinson, R. G., and Coyle, J. T., 1980, The different effects of right versus left hemisphere infarcton on catecholamines and behavior in the rat, Brain Res. 188:63–78.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sar, M., and Stumpf, W. E., 1977, Androgen concentration in motor neurons of cranial nerves and spinal cord, Science 197:77–79.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Weiskrantz, L., 1980, Varieties of residual experience, Q. J. Exp. Psychol. 32:365–386.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zihl, J., 1980, Blindsight: Improvement of visually guided eye movements by systematic practice in patients with cerebral blindness, Neuropsychologia 18:71–77.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Isaacson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Center for Neurobehavioral ScienceUniversity Center at BinghamtonBinghamtonUSA

Personalised recommendations