Calculated Risks and Cold Reality

  • Kirk R. Smith
Part of the Modern Perspectives in Energy book series (MPIE)


In the previous two chapters, direct and indirect evidence of the ill-effects of biofuel smoke exposure were described along with brief discussions of what this evidence would predict to be the resulting types of ill-health in rural areas of developing countries where exposures seem highest. Logically, the next task would be to evaluate the available literature to ascertain whether existing patterns of ill-health in various rural areas are compatible with such effects. This will be done here only in a general way because, unfortunately, the rural health literature is vast, heterogeneous, inconsistent, and incomplete and thus cannot be adequately discussed and interpreted in the space available. (Appendix D gives the flavor of this literature through an examination of the health statistics relating to rural women in India.)


Biomass Combustion Income Tuberculosis Diesel 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirk R. Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.East-West CenterHonoluluUSA

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