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Carotenoids pp 167-184 | Cite as

Carotenoid Biosynthesis — An Overview

  • George Britton

Abstract

The last time an overview of carotenoid biosynthesis was presented in this Symposium series was at the Bern meeting in 1975, when Davies and Taylor [1] and Britton [2] reviewed the early stages and later reactions, respectively. However, biosynthesis has not been neglected in the three meetings since then. Each of these has included several lectures and published chapters which mostly deal with some particular specialized aspect. Thus, in Madison in 1978, Rilling [3] discussed the prenyl transferase enzymes, Porter and Spurgeon [4] described their work with carotenogenic enzyme systems from tomatoes and Cerda-Olmedo and Torres-Martinez [5] covered genetics and regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis, whereas Davies [6] commented on general progress and drew attention to some unsolved problems. At the 1981 Liverpool meeting, the genetic analysis of carotenoid biosynthesis in Rhodopseudomonas capsulata was reported by Marrs [7], stereochemical aspects of carotenoid biosynthesis were surveyed by Milborrow [8], and chemical regulation and the effects of herbicides by Yokoyama [9] and Ridley [10], respectively. Mitzka-Schnabel [11], Bramley [12], and Camara [13] each described progress with their favourite carotenogenic enzyme systems in Munich in 1984, where Rau [14] reviewed photoregulation and Britton [15] outlined the use of stable isotopes in biosynthesis studies.

Keywords

Carotenoid Biosynthesis Prenyl Diphosphate Triethylammonium Chloride Etiolate Barley Seedling Acyclic Precursor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Britton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK

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