Advertisement

Polymerization in the Micellar State: Physicochemical Aspects

  • Angelos Malliaris
  • C. M. Paleos

Abstract

The physicochemical aspects of the polymerization in the micellar state are reviewed. The synthesis and functionalization of micelle-forming surfactant monomers, as well as their polymerization in the micellar state are briefly presented. The main factors which affect the micellar polymerization, i.e. concentration, medium and topochemistry are discussed, along with the fundamental problem of the rate of propagation of micellar polymerization relative to the rate of the slow micellar relaxation process. Also, general references are made to the organizational and aggregational characteristics of polymerized micelles, including tacticity, viscosity, fluorescence, molecular weight etc. Furthermore, the architecture of polymerized micelles is investigated as a function of the position of the backbone with respect to the polar head and the lipophilic part of the surfactant monomer. Some of the most widely investigated salts, including vinylpyridinium, vinylimidazolium, Na-10-undecenoate, allyldimethyldodecylammonium Br, etc. are specifically discussed. These examples illustrate the differences between micellar and isotropic polymerization.

Keywords

Critical Micelle Concentration Polymerize Micelle Aliphatic Chain Aggregation Number Physicochemical Aspect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. J.H. Fendler and P. Tundo, Acc. Chem. Res., 17, 3 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    E.M. Barral and J.F. Johnson, J. Macromol. Sci., Rev. Macromol. Chem. 17, 137 1979.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Kelker and R. Hatz, in “Handbook of Liquid Crystals”, Verlag Chemie, Weinheim, W. Germany, 1980.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Millich and C.E. Carracher, editors, “Interfacial Synthesis”, vol. 1 and II, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Spiro, Faraday Disc. Chem. Soc., 77, 275 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.J. Hanna and R.D. Noble, Chem. Rev., 85, 583, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.A. Bunton, in “Techniques of Chemistry”, J.B. Jones, C.J. Sih and. D. Perlman, editors, Vol.X, Part II, J. Wiley and Sons, New York, 1976.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J.M. Brown, in “Colloid Science”, A. Specialist Report, Vol. 3. The Chemical Society, London, 1977.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E.J.R. Sudholter, G.B. van de Langkruis and B.F.N. Engberts, Recueil, 99, 73 1980.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J.H. Fendler “Membrane Mimetic Chemistry”, J. Wiley and Sons, New York, 1982.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    P. Mukerjee, in “Solution Chemistry of Surfactants”, K.L. Mittal, editor, Vol. 1, pp. 153–174, Plenum press, New York, 1979.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    P.A. Winsor, Chem. Rev., 68, 2, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G.W. Gray and P.A. Windsor in American Chemical Society, Washington D.C., 1967.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G.S. Hartley, “Aqueous Solutions of Paraffinic Salts”, Paris, 1936.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K.A. Dill and P.J. Flory, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 78, 676, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. Menger, Acc. Chem. Res., 12, 11, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Menger and D.W. Doll, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 1109, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P. Fromherz, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 85, 891, 1981.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M.F. Hoover and G.B. Butler, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Sympos., 45, 1, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    W.P. Shyluk, J. Polym. Sci., Part A, 22, 2191, 1964.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C.M. Paleos, C.I. Stassinopoulou and A. Malliaris, J. Phys. Chem. 87, 251, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    C.M. Paleos and P. Dais, J. Polym. Sci. Chem. Ed., 16, 1495, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    C.M. Paleos, P. Dais and A. Malliaris, J. Polym. Sci. Chem. Ed., 22, 3383, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Kahlweit and M. Teubner, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 13, 1, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    R.J. Young, “Introduction to Polymers”, Chapman and Hall, (London), 1983.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    V.A. Kabanov, Pure Appl. Chem., 15, 391, 1967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. Luhmann, H. Finkelmann and G. Rehage, Angew. Makrom. Chem., 123/124, 217, 1984.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    B. Luhmann, H. Finkelmann and G. Rehage, Makromol. Chem., 186, 1059, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    V.A. Kabanov, T.I. Patrikeeva, O.V. Kargina and V.A. Kargin, J. Polym Sci., Part C, 23, 357, 1968.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    I. Mielke, Makromol. Chem., 176, 2195, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    J.C. Salamone, M.V. Mahmud, A.C. Watterson and A.P. Olson, J. Polym. Sci., 20, 1153, 1982.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    V.A. Kabanov, K.V. Aliev, O.V. Kargina, T.I. Patrikeeva and V.A. Kargin, J. Polym. Sci., Part C, 16, 1079, 1967.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    J.C. Salamone, E.J. Ellis, C.R. Wilson and D.F. Bardoliwala, Macro- molecules, 6, 475, 1973.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    I. Mielke and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem., 142, 319, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    I. Mielke and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem., 153, 307, 1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    V. Martin, H. Ringsdorf, H. Ritter and W. Sutter, Makromol. Chem. 176, 2029, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    V. Martin, W. Sutter and H. Ringsdorf, Makromol. Chem., 177, 89, 1976.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    H. Ringsdorf and D. Thuning, Makromol. Chem., 178, 2205, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    J.C. Salamone, S.C. Israel, P. Taylor and B. Snider, J. Polym. Sci Polym. Sympos., 45, 65, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    C.M. Paleos, S. Voliotis, G. Margomenou and P. Dais, J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Chem. Ed., 18, 3463, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    C.E. Larrabee and E.D. Sprague, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Lett. Ed., 17, 749, 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    E.D. Sprague, D.C. Duecker and C.E. Larrabee, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 92, 416, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    R. Thundathil, J.O. Stoffer and S.E. Friberg, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed., 18, 2629, 1980.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    C.E. Larrabee, Ph.D. Dissertation, U. of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 1980.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    J.K. Thomas, Acc. Chem. Res., 10, 133, 1977.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    E.D. Sprague, D.C. Duecker and C.E. Larrabee, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 6797, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    A. Malliaris, Adv. Colloid Interf. Sci., 27, 153 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    K. Nagai, Y. Ohishi, H. Inaba and S. Kudo, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed., 23, 1221, (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angelos Malliaris
    • 1
  • C. M. Paleos
    • 1
  1. 1.“Demokritos” N.R.C.AthensGreece

Personalised recommendations