Reactions of Compounds of the Nonmetallic Elements

  • M. V. Twigg

Abstract

The reactions of boranes and carboranes continues to be a popular topic. Electrophilic deuteriation of closo-[1-CB11H12]- in DCl/D2O has given(1) a reactivity order B(12) > B(7-1) > B(2-6) > C(1), the order expected from previous work. In contrast to this, electrophilic substitution with hydroxylamine-O-sulfonic acid results in almost exclusive formation of 7-H3N-closo-1-CB11H11, together with a little 12-H3N-closo-1-CB11H11. Insertion reactions with Et310BH3 give closo-[1-CB11H12]- from nido-[7-CB10H13]- and[1-Me2N-1-CB11H11]- from 7-Me2N-nido-7-CB10H12, both reactions giving exclusive labeling at the B(2) site. The clean reaction arises from insertion into the open pentagonal face of the eleven vertex nido-system. The same group has examined the halogenation of the arachno-4,5- C2B7H13 carborane by hydrogen halides catalyzed by AlX3, where X = Cl, Br, I. Substitution occurs at the 6-position, and is described as an electrophile-induced nucleophilic substitution reaction involving hydride removal by the electrophile followed by attack by the nucleophile.(2) Elementary halogens produce the same products without the need for a catalyst.

Keywords

Arsenic Hydride Bromine PPh3 Pyrazole 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Reference

  1. 1.
    T. Jelínek, J. Plešek, F. Mareš, S. Heřmánek, and B. Štíbr, Polyhedron, 6, 1981 (1987).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Jelínek, B. Štibr, F. Mareš J. Plešek, and S. Heřmánek, Polyhedron, 6, 1737 (1987).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. Nam and T. Onak, Inorg. Chem., 26, 1581 (1987).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. E. Fessler,T. Whelan, J. T. Spencer, and R. N. Grimes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109,7416 (1988).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    D. J. Wales and A. J. Stone, Inorg. Chem., 26, 3845 (1987).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Rodger and B. F. G. Johnson, Polyhedron, 7, 1107 (1988).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Base, N. W. Alcock, O. W. Howarth, H. R. Powell, A. Harrison, and M. G. H. Wallbridge, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 341 (1988).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. F. Purcell and D. D. Devine, Inorg. Chem., 26, 43 (1987).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. W. Kabalka, J. Organomet. Chem., 337, 169 (1987).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G. W. Kabalka, J. Organomet. Chem., 318, 1 (1987).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. W. Kabalka, D. A. Henderson, and R. S. Varrna, Organometallics, 6, 1369 (1987).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. T. Nguyen, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 342 (1987).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Couret, J. Escude, B. Garrigues, M. Lazraq, and J. Satge, Can. J. Chem., 65, 1230 (1987).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Brown, R. H. Cragg, T. J. Miller, and D. O’N. Smith, J. Organomet. Chem., 342,153 (1988).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    L. Y. Hsu, J. F. Mariategui, K. Niedenzu, and S. G. Shore, Inorg. Chem., 26, 143 (1987).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M. K. Das, J. M. Mariategui, and K. Niedenzu, Inorg. Chem., 26, 3114 (1987).Google Scholar
  17. 17a.
    E. Mullet and H-B. Bürgi, Helu. Chim. Acta, 70, 499 (1987).Google Scholar
  18. b.
    K. Jurkschat, A. Tzschach, M. Dargatz, H. Pepermans, M. Gielen, and R. Willem, Recl. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 107, 170 (1988).Google Scholar
  19. 18.
    J. A. Baban and B. P. Roberts, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 497 (1987).Google Scholar
  20. 19.
    I. G. Green, R. L. Hudson, and B. P. Roberts, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1773 (1987).Google Scholar
  21. 20.
    K. J. Lui, J. R. Langan, G. A. Salrna, D. M. Holton, and P. P. Edwards, J. Phys. Chem., 92, 2449 (1988).Google Scholar
  22. 21.
    N. V. Riggs, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 137, (1987).Google Scholar
  23. 22.
    J. E. Crooks and J. P. Donnellan, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 191 (1988).Google Scholar
  24. 23.
    J. K. Terlouw, C. B. Lebrilla, and H. Schwarz, Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl., 26, 354 (1987).Google Scholar
  25. 24.
    W. R. Ernst and M. S. K. Chen, AIChE J., 34, 158 (1988).Google Scholar
  26. 25.
    Y. L. Wang, H. D. Lee, M. W. Beach, and D. W. Margerurn, Inorg. Chem., 26, 2444 (1987).Google Scholar
  27. 26.
    B. Wolf and W. Horsch, Pharmazie, 42, 15 (1987).Google Scholar
  28. 27.
    Z. B. Alfassi, R. E. Huie, S. Mosseii, and P. Neta, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 3888 (1987).Google Scholar
  29. 28.
    C. J. Rhodes, J. D. Podmore, and M. C. R. Symons, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1638 (1987) and references cited therein.Google Scholar
  30. 29.
    I. S. Monzó, J. Palou, J. Peñalver, and R. Valero, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 19, 741 (1987).Google Scholar
  31. 30.
    G. Levin, P. K. Das, and C. J. Lee, Organometallics, 7, 1231 (1988).Google Scholar
  32. 31.
    K. Oka, R. Nakao, Y. Nagata, and T. I. Dohmaru, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans, 2, 337 (1987).Google Scholar
  33. 32.
    K. Nate, M. Ishikáwa, H. Ni, H. Watanabe, and Y. Saheki, Organometallics, 6, 1673 (1987).Google Scholar
  34. 33.
    H. Watanabe, E. Tabei, M. Gota, and Y. Nagai, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 522 (1987).Google Scholar
  35. 34.
    H. Watanabe, H. Shimoyarna, T. Muraoka, Y. Kougo, M. Kato, and Y. Nagai, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 60, 769 (1987).Google Scholar
  36. 35.
    O. W. Steward and J. L. Williams, J. Organomet. Chem., 341, 199 (1988).Google Scholar
  37. 36.
    D. P. Thomson and P. Boudjouk, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1466 (1987).Google Scholar
  38. 37.
    W. Ando, K. Hagiwara, and A. Sekiguchi, Organometallics, 6, 2270 (1987).Google Scholar
  39. 38.
    R. West, Angew, Chem., Int. Ed. Engl., 26, 1201 (1987).Google Scholar
  40. 39.
    T. Kudo and S. Nagese, Organometallics, 6, 1586 (1987).Google Scholar
  41. 40a.
    J. B. Lambert, J. A. McConnell, W. Schilf, and W. J. SchulzJr, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 455 (1988).Google Scholar
  42. b.
    J. B. Lambert, J. A. McConnell, W. Schilf, and W. J. Schulz Jr, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 2201 (1988).Google Scholar
  43. 41.
    Y-L. Chen and T. J. Barton, Organometallics, 6, 2590 (1987).Google Scholar
  44. 42a.
    Y. Apeloig and A. Stanger, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 272 (1987).Google Scholar
  45. b.
    D. N. Kevill, J. Chem. Res., 272 (1987).Google Scholar
  46. 43.
    G. A. Ayoko and C. Eaborn, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1047 (1987).Google Scholar
  47. 44.
    G. A. Ayoko and C. Eaborn, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 381 (1987).Google Scholar
  48. 45.
    N. H. Buttrus, C. Eaborn, P. B. Hitchcock, P. D. Lickiss, and S. T. Najarn, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 891 (1987).Google Scholar
  49. 46.
    N. H. Buttrus, C. Eaborn, P. B. Hitchcock, P. D. lickiss, and S. T. Najarn, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1753 (1987).Google Scholar
  50. 47.
    C. Eaborn and M. N. Romanelle, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 657 (1987).Google Scholar
  51. 48.
    A. Hosani, Acc. Chem. Res., 21, 200 (1988).Google Scholar
  52. 49.
    M. Grignan-Dubois and M. Laguerre, Organometallics, 7, 1443 (1988).Google Scholar
  53. 50.
    J. P. Light, M. Ridenour, L. Beard, and J. W. Hershberger, J. Organomet. Chem., 326, 17 (1987).Google Scholar
  54. 51.
    R. J. P. Corriu, C. Guerin, B. J. L. Henner, and W. W. C. Wang Chi Man, Organometallics, 7, 237 (1988).Google Scholar
  55. 52.
    A. R. Bassindale, J. C-Y. Lau, and P. G. Taylor, J. Organomet. Chem., 341, 213 (1988).Google Scholar
  56. 53.
    M. Fujita and T. Hiyama, Tetrahedron Lett., 28, 2263 (1987).Google Scholar
  57. 54a.
    J. A. Deiters and R. R. Holmes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 1686 (1987).Google Scholar
  58. b.
    J. A. Deiters and R. R. Holmes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 1692 (1987).Google Scholar
  59. 55.
    D. A. Dixon and A. J. Arduengi III, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 498 (1987).Google Scholar
  60. 56.
    C. T. G. Knight, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1457 (1988).Google Scholar
  61. 57.
    K. A. Smith, Macromolecules, 20, 2514 (1987).Google Scholar
  62. 58.
    K. Ito and T. Ibaraki, Int. J. Chem. Kinst., 19, 841 (1987).Google Scholar
  63. 59.
    A. G. Davies and A. G. Neville, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 16 (1987).Google Scholar
  64. 60.
    J. Chmiekecka, J. Chojnowski, C. Eaborn, and W. Stancyzka, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1337 (1987).Google Scholar
  65. 61.
    Z. Böcskei, D. Knausz, M. Gál, I. Szakaćs, and B. Cśakvari, J. Organomet. Chem., 342, 159 (1988).Google Scholar
  66. 62.
    K. Ohkata, M. Mase and K. Akiba, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1727 (1987).Google Scholar
  67. 63.
    A. G. Brook, W. J. Chatterton, J. F. Sawyer, D. W. Hughes, and K. Vorspohl, Organometallics, 6, 1246 (1987).Google Scholar
  68. 64.
    L. P. Davis, L. W. Burggraf, and M. S. Gordon, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 3056 (1988).Google Scholar
  69. 65.
    M. T. Nguyan, M. Faue, and N. J. Fitzpatrick, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1289 (1987).Google Scholar
  70. 66.
    J. Chojnowski, W. Fortuniak, and W. Stanczyk, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 7776 (1988).Google Scholar
  71. 67.
    A. P. Laws and R. Taylor, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1691 (1987).Google Scholar
  72. 68.
    I. F. Lutsenko, V. L. Foss, Yu. A. Veits, E. G. Neganova, and A. A. Borisenko, J. Organomet. Chem., 333, C45 (1987).Google Scholar
  73. 69.
    G. Klebe, J. Organomet. Chem., 332, 35 (1987).Google Scholar
  74. 70.
    R. P. Alexander, T. D. James, and G. R. Stephenson, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2013 (1987).Google Scholar
  75. 71.
    M. G. Voronkov, N. F. Chernov, and E. M. Perlova, J. Organomet. Chem., 341, 225 (1988).Google Scholar
  76. 72.
    C. Eaborn and A. K. Saxena, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 775 (1987).Google Scholar
  77. 73.
    C. Eaborn and A. K. Saxena, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 779 (1987).Google Scholar
  78. 74.
    M. Rivikre-Baudet, A. Kallaqyoun, and J. Satgé, Recl. Trau. Chim. Pays-Bas, 107, 152 (1988).Google Scholar
  79. 75.
    G. Ceweau, G. Chuit, R. J. P. Corriu, and C. Reye, Organometallics, 7, 786 (1988).Google Scholar
  80. 76.
    Q. Zhou and W. P. Weber, J. Organomet. Chem., 342, 291 (1988).Google Scholar
  81. 77.
    C. Guiman and G. Pfister-Guillouzo, Organometallics, 6, 1387 (1987).Google Scholar
  82. 78.
    J. Escude, C. Couret, M. Andrianarison, and J. Stage, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 386 (1987).Google Scholar
  83. 79.
    J. A. Stone and W. J. Wytenburg, Can. J. Chem., 65, 2146 (1987).Google Scholar
  84. 80.
    D. L. H. Williams, Nitrosation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1988).Google Scholar
  85. 81.
    M. J. Crookes and D. L. H. Williams, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 571 (1988).Google Scholar
  86. 82.
    C. A. Reynolds and C. Thomson, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1337 (1987).Google Scholar
  87. 83.
    M. T. Nguyen and A. F. Hegarty, J. Chem. Sac., Perkin Trans. 2, 345 (1987).Google Scholar
  88. 84.
    T. Bryant and D. L. H. Williams, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 97 (1988).Google Scholar
  89. 85.
    A. Castro, J. R. Leis, and M. E. Pefia, J. Chem. Res. (S), 216 (1986).Google Scholar
  90. 86.
    G. Stedman and N. Uysal, J. Chem. Res. (S), 376 (1987).Google Scholar
  91. 87.
    J. R. Leis, M. E. Peña, and D. L. H. Williams, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 45 (1987).Google Scholar
  92. 88.
    J. R. Leis, M. E. Peña, D. L. H. Williams, and S.D. Mawson, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 157 (1988).Google Scholar
  93. 89.
    T. A. Meyer and D. L. H. Williams, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 517 (1988).Google Scholar
  94. 90.
    P. Roy and D. L. H. Williams, J. Chem. Rex (S), 122 (1988).Google Scholar
  95. 91.
    G. P. Quinton and D. L. H. Williams, J. Chem. Rex (S), 208 (1987).Google Scholar
  96. 92.
    D. L. H. Williams and P. A. Morris, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 513 (1988).Google Scholar
  97. 93.
    T. Bryant and D. L. H. Williams, J. Chem. Res. (S), 174 (1987).Google Scholar
  98. 94.
    T. Bryant and D. L. H. Williams, J. Chem. Sac., Perkin Trans. 2, 1083 (1985).Google Scholar
  99. 95.
    M. S. Garley and G. Stedman, J. Chem. Res. (S), 54 (1988).Google Scholar
  100. 96.
    R. B. Moodie, S. N. Richards, and M. P. Thorne, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 870 (1987).Google Scholar
  101. 97.
    A. Castro, E. Iglesias, J. R. Leis, J. V. Tato, F. Meijide, and M. E. Peiia, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 651 (1987).Google Scholar
  102. 98.
    F. Meijide and G. Stedman, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1087 (1988).Google Scholar
  103. 99.
    F. Meijide, J. V. Tato, J. Casado, A. Castro, and M. Mosquera, J. Chem. Sac., Perkin Trans. 2, 1750 (1987).Google Scholar
  104. 100.
    E. Iglesias and D. L. H. Williams, J. Chem. Sac., Perkin Trans. 2, 1035 (1988).Google Scholar
  105. 101.
    A. Castro, P. Herves, E. Iglesias, J. R. Leis, and M. E. Peiia, J. Chem. Res. (S), 76 (1988).Google Scholar
  106. 102.
    J. C. Fanning and L. K. Keefer, J. Chem. Sac., Chem. Commun., 955 (1987).Google Scholar
  107. 103.
    G. Stedman and A. M. M. Doherty, J. Chem. Rex (S), 955 (1987).Google Scholar
  108. 104.
    I. Lengyel, T. Barna, and G. Bazsa, J. Chem. Sac., Faraday Trans. 1, 84, 229 (1988).Google Scholar
  109. 105.
    M. Ali, J. H. Ridd, J. P. B. Sandell, and S. Trevellick, J. Chem. Sac., Chem. Commun., 1168 (1987).Google Scholar
  110. 106.
    A. Boughriet, C. Bremard, and M. Wartel, New J. Chem., 11, 245 (1987).Google Scholar
  111. 107.
    L. Eberson and F. Radner, Acc. Chem. Res., 20, 53 (1987).Google Scholar
  112. 108.
    R. B. Moodie and R. J. Stephens, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans., 2, 1059 (1987).Google Scholar
  113. 109.
    J. T. Gleghorn and G. Torossian, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1303 (1987).Google Scholar
  114. 110.
    N. P. Fedorova, V. V. Kutovoi, and V. I. Atroshchenko, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zavred., Khim. Khim. Tekhnol., 31, 123 (1988).Google Scholar
  115. 111.
    E. Baciocchi, T. Del Giacco, S. M. Murgia, and G. V. Sebastiani, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1246 (1987).Google Scholar
  116. 112.
    P. H. Wine, R. L. Mauldin III, and R. P. Thorn, J. Phys. Chem., 92, 1156 (1988).Google Scholar
  117. 113.
    E. L. Loechler, A. M. Schneider, D. B. Schwartz, and T. C. Hollocher, J. Am. Chem. Sac., 109, 3076 (1987).Google Scholar
  118. 114.
    M. P. Doyle, S. N. Mahapatro, R. D. Broene, and J. K. Guy, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 593 (1988).Google Scholar
  119. 115.
    F. T. Bonner and M. N. Hughes, Inorg. Chem., 26, 2437 (1987).Google Scholar
  120. 116.
    M. J. Akhtar, F. T. Bonner, A. Borer, I. Cooke, and M. N. Hughes, Inorg. Chem., 26, 4379 (1987).Google Scholar
  121. 117.
    K. Kumar, R. W. Shinness, and D. W. Margerum, Inorg. Chem., 26, 3430 (1987).Google Scholar
  122. 118.
    K. O. Christie, W. W. Wilson, G. J. Schrobilgen, R. V. Chirakal, and G. A. Olah, Inorg. Chem., 27, 789 (1988).Google Scholar
  123. 119.
    J. M. Lally and W. J. Spillane, J. Chem. Sac., Chem., Commun., 8 (1987).Google Scholar
  124. 120.
    A. Okruszek, P. Guga, and W. J. Slee, J. Chem. Sac., Chem. Commun., 594 (1987).Google Scholar
  125. 121.
    S. Freeman, J. M. Friedman, and J. R. Knowles, J. Am. Chem. Sac., 109, 3166 (1987).Google Scholar
  126. 122.
    J. M. Friedman, S. Freeman, and J. R. Knowles, J. Am. Chem. Sac., 110, 1268 (1988).Google Scholar
  127. 123.
    P. M. Cullis and D. Nicholls, J. Chem. Sac., Chem. Commun., 783 (1987).Google Scholar
  128. 124.
    L. D. Quin, A. N. Hughes, X-P. Wu, and L. C. Dickense, J. Chem. Sac., Chem. Commun., 555 (1988).Google Scholar
  129. 125.
    E. Breuer, R. Karaman, H. Leader, and A. Goldblum, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 671 (1987).Google Scholar
  130. 126.
    D. Herschlag and W. P. Jencks, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 4665 (1987).Google Scholar
  131. 127.
    G. Kura, Polyhedron, 6, 531 (1987).Google Scholar
  132. 128.
    G. Kura, Polyhedron, 6, 1863 (1987).Google Scholar
  133. 129.
    G. Kura, Bull. Chem. Sac. Jpn., 60, 2857 (1987).Google Scholar
  134. 130.
    M. W. Hosseini, J. M. Lehn, L. Maggiora, K. B. Mertes, and M. P. Mertes, J. Am. Chem. SOC., 109, 537 (1987).Google Scholar
  135. 131.
    R. A. Mackay, F. R. Longo, B. L. Knier, and H. D. Durst, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 861 (1987).Google Scholar
  136. 132.
    D. C. Isbell and R. R. Dewald, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 6695 (1987).Google Scholar
  137. 133.
    F. M. Menger, L. H. Gan, E. Johnson, and D. H. Durst, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 2800 (1987).Google Scholar
  138. 134.
    V. Ramesh and M. M. Labes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 738 (1988).Google Scholar
  139. 135.
    F. Westheimer, S. Huang, and F. Covitz, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 181 (1988).Google Scholar
  140. 136.
    P. M. Cullis, A. D. Kaye, and S. Trippett, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1465 (1987).Google Scholar
  141. 137.
    B. C. Challis and J. N. Iley, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1489 (1987).Google Scholar
  142. 138.
    M. T. Nguyen and N. J. Fitzpatrick, Polyhedron, 7, 223 (1988).Google Scholar
  143. 139.
    W. Dabkowski and J. Michalski, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 755 (1987).Google Scholar
  144. 140.
    P. Bourdauduig and M. C. Démarcq, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1897 (1987).Google Scholar
  145. 141.
    P. M. Cullis, R. Misra, and D. J. Wilkins, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1594 (1987).Google Scholar
  146. 142.
    P. J. Garegg, T. Regberg, J. Stawiiiski, and R. Stromberg, J. Chem Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 271 (1987).Google Scholar
  147. 143.
    E. Vedejs and C. F. Marth, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 3948 (1988).Google Scholar
  148. 144.
    C. N. Smit and F. Bickelhaupt, Organometallics, 6, 1156 (1987).Google Scholar
  149. 145.
    G. Hagele, W. Kiickelhaus, G. Tossing, J. Seega, R. K. Harris, C. J. Creswell, and P. T. Jageland, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 795 (1987).Google Scholar
  150. 146.
    R. A. Shaw, J. Organomet. Chem., 341, 357 (1988).Google Scholar
  151. 147.
    R. N. Neilson and P. Wisian-Neilson, Chem. Rev., 88, 543 (1988).Google Scholar
  152. 148.
    D. E. Brown and C. W. Allen, Inorg. Chem., 26, 934 (1987).Google Scholar
  153. 149.
    S. Ganapathiappan and S. S. Krishnamurthy, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 579 (1987).Google Scholar
  154. 150.
    S. Ganapathiappan and S. S. Krishnamurthy, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 585 (1987).Google Scholar
  155. 151.
    S. R. Contractor, Z. Kilic, and R. A. Shaw, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 2023 (1987).Google Scholar
  156. 152.
    H. R. Allcock and D. J. Brennan, J. Organomet. Chem., 341, 231 (1988).Google Scholar
  157. 153.
    U. G. Wettermark and R. H. Neilson, Inorg. Chem., 26, 929 (1987).Google Scholar
  158. 154.
    R. C. Haddon, S. V. Chichester-Hicks, and S. L. Mayo, Inorg. Chem., 27, 1911 (1988).Google Scholar
  159. 155.
    M. L. Thompson, A. Tarassole, R. C. Haltwanger, and A. D. Norman, Inorg. Chem., 26, 684 (1987).Google Scholar
  160. 156.
    A. P. Purdy, R. L. Wells, A. T. McPhail, and C. G. Pitt, Organometallics, 6, 2099 (1987).Google Scholar
  161. 157.
    V. K. Gupta, L. K. Krannich, and C. L. Watkins, Inorg. Chem., 26, 1638 (1987).Google Scholar
  162. 158.
    V. K. Gupta, L. K. Krannich, and C. L. Watkins, Polyhedron, 6, 1229 (1987).Google Scholar
  163. 159.
    S. Van Wagenen, D. E. Carter, A. G. Ragheb, and Q. Fernando, Anal. Chem., 59, 891 (1987).Google Scholar
  164. 160.
    S. A. Chimatadar, S. T. Nandibewar, M. I. Sambrani, and J. R. Raju, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 573 (1987).Google Scholar
  165. 161.
    D. Naumann, W. Tyrra, and F. Leifeld, J. Organomet. Chem., 333, 193 (1987).Google Scholar
  166. 162.
    K. Akiba, H. Fujikawa, Y. Sunaguchi, and Y. Yamamoto, J. Am. Chem., Soc., 109,1245 (1987).Google Scholar
  167. 163.
    M. Bassir, B. Torck, and M. Hellin, New J. Chem., 11, 437 (1987).Google Scholar
  168. 164a.
    Y. Onari, Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 60, 3074 (1987).Google Scholar
  169. 164b.
    E. P. Minchen, J. P. Could, and F. M. Saunders, Ozone: Sci. Eng., 9, 165 (1987).Google Scholar
  170. 164c.
    A. D. Nadezhdin, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 27, 548 (1988).Google Scholar
  171. 165.
    V. A. Yakobi, N. N. Ivanova, P. J. Shaboldo, L. P. Shpak, and Z. I. Fersyuk, Khim. Tekhnol. Vody, 9, 118 (1987).Google Scholar
  172. 166.
    K. Sehested, J. Holcman, E. Bjergbakke, and E. J. Hart, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 2359 (1987).Google Scholar
  173. 167.
    A. R. Forrester and V. Pumshotham, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 83, 211 (1987).Google Scholar
  174. 168.
    I. B. Afanasév, V. V. Grabovetskii, and N. S. Kuprianova, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 281 (1987).Google Scholar
  175. 169.
    I. B. Afanasév and N. I. Polozova, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 835 (1987).Google Scholar
  176. 170.
    G. V. Buxton, N. D. Wood, and S. Dyster, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 84, 1113 (1988).Google Scholar
  177. 171.
    J. D. Evanseck, J. F. Blake, and W. L. Jorgensen, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 2349 (1987).Google Scholar
  178. 172.
    M. V. Encinas, E. Lemp, and E. A. Lissi, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1125 (1987).Google Scholar
  179. 173.
    R. A. Cox, Acc. Chem. Res., 20, 27 (1987).Google Scholar
  180. 174.
    P. de Wit and H. Cerfontain, Red. Trav. Chim. Pays-Bas, 107, 121 (1988).Google Scholar
  181. 175.
    G. A. Olah, G. K. Prakash, M. Marcelli, and K. Lammertsma, J. Phys. Chem., 92,878 (1988).Google Scholar
  182. 176.
    W. A. Jaeschke and G. J. Herrmann, ACS Symp. Ser., 349, 142 (1987).Google Scholar
  183. 177.
    L. R. Marston and M. W. Hill, Atmos. Environ., 21, 2267 (1987).Google Scholar
  184. 178.
    Z. Kozak, Wiad. Chem., 41, 99 (1987).Google Scholar
  185. 179.
    K. J. Stutts, Anal. Chem., 59, 543 (1987).Google Scholar
  186. 180.
    S. M. Lough and J. W. McDonald, Inorg. Chem., 26, 2024 (1987).Google Scholar
  187. 181.
    P. Neta, R. E. Huie, and A. Harriman, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 1606 (1987).Google Scholar
  188. 182.
    B. C. Gilbert, C. J. Scarratt, C. B. Thomas, and J. Young, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 371 (1987).Google Scholar
  189. 183.
    J. E. Schiller, Inorg. Chem., 26, 948 (1987).Google Scholar
  190. 184.
    E. A. Betterton and M. R. Hoffmann, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 3011 (1987).Google Scholar
  191. 185.
    I. Lee, H. K. Kang, and H. W. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 7472 (1988).Google Scholar
  192. 186.
    P. J. Garegg, J. Stowinski, and R. Stromberg, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1209 (1987).Google Scholar
  193. 187.
    C. M. M. da Silva Corrêa and M. D. C. M. Fleming, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2,103 (1987).Google Scholar
  194. 188.
    C. M. M. da Silva Corrêa and M. A. B. C. S. Oliveira, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 811 (1987).Google Scholar
  195. 189.
    R. O. Ewedemi, R. Fields, and G. Holt, J. Chem. Res. (S), 186 (1988).Google Scholar
  196. 190.
    D. R. Hogg and M. A. M. Rashid, J. Chem. Res. (S), 160 (1988).Google Scholar
  197. 191.
    J. Kleines and M. Zahradnicek, Cesk. Farm., 36, 63 (1987).Google Scholar
  198. 192.
    D. Penn, Z. Saidi, D. P. N. Satchell, and R. S. Satchell, J. Chem. Res. (S), 200 (1987).Google Scholar
  199. 193.
    D. P. N. Satchell, and R. S. Satchell, J. Chem. Res. (S), 134 (1988).Google Scholar
  200. 194.
    L. A. Castle, D. P. N. Satchell, and R. S. Satchell, J. Chem. Res. (S), 114 (1987).Google Scholar
  201. 195.
    D. P. N. Satchell and R. S. Satchell, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, 513 (1987).Google Scholar
  202. 196.
    P. Dubois, J. P. Lelieur, and G. Lepoutre, Inorg. Chem., 26, 1897 (1987).Google Scholar
  203. 197.
    P. Dubois, J. P. Lelieur, and G. Lepoutre, Inorg. Chem., 27, 1883 (1988).Google Scholar
  204. 198.
    L. Benati, P. C. Montevecchi, and P. Spagnolo, J. Chem. Soc., Chem., Commun., 1050 (1987).Google Scholar
  205. 199.
    M. S. Giovanetti, J. G. Scentos, and F. Ibáñez, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1899 (1987).Google Scholar
  206. 200.
    J. Hahn and T. Nataniel, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 548, 180 (1987).Google Scholar
  207. 201.
    R. Minkwitz and R. Lekie, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 544, 192 (1987).Google Scholar
  208. 202.
    K. Alam and J. M. Shreeve, Inorg. Chem., 27, 1374 (1988).Google Scholar
  209. 203.
    F. Seel and M. Wagner, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem., 558, 189 (1988).Google Scholar
  210. 204.
    A. Apblitt and T. Chivers, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1889 (1987).Google Scholar
  211. 205.
    R. H. Simoyi and I. R. Epstein, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 5124 (1987).Google Scholar
  212. 206.
    A. J. Elliot, S. Geertsen, and G. V. Buxton, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 84, 1101 (1988)Google Scholar
  213. 207.
    P. J. Dunn and H. S. Rzepa, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1669 (1987).Google Scholar
  214. 208.
    R. Stendel, M. Papavassiliou, and W. Krampe, Polyhedron, 7, 581 (1988).Google Scholar
  215. 209.
    E. S. Lewis, T. I. Yousof, and T. A. Douglas, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 2152 (1987).Google Scholar
  216. 210.
    J. L. Kice and M. B. Manek, J. Org. Chem., 52, 2953 (1987).Google Scholar
  217. 211.
    S. P. Brimmer, W. R. Fawcett, and K. A. Kulhovy, Anal. Chem., 59, 1470 (1987).Google Scholar
  218. 212.
    J. D. Miller and T. A. Tahir, J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans., 985 (1987).Google Scholar
  219. 213.
    J. Emsley, V. Gold, F. Hibbert, and W. T. A. Szeto, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 923 (1988).Google Scholar
  220. 214.
    E. H. Appelman and A. W. Jacke, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 1754 (1987).Google Scholar
  221. 215.
    K. Kumar and D. W. Margerum, Inorg. Chem., 26, 2706 (1987).Google Scholar
  222. 216.
    A. Bousher, P. Brimblecombe, and D. Midgley, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 946 (1987).Google Scholar
  223. 217.
    M. Inoko and T. Matsuno, Soda To Enso, 38, 101 (1987); Chem. Abstr., 107, 133761y (1987).Google Scholar
  224. 218.
    L. Hin-Fat, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 273 (1988).Google Scholar
  225. 219.
    B. Juršić, J. Chem. Res. (S), 168 (1988).Google Scholar
  226. 220.
    G. Rabái and M. T. Beck, Inorg. Chem., 26, 1195 (1987).Google Scholar
  227. 221.
    I. Lengyel, V. Gasper, and M. T. Beck, J. Phys. Chem., 92, 137 (1988).Google Scholar
  228. 222.
    G. Schmitz and H. Rooze, Can. J. Chem., 65, 497 (1987).Google Scholar
  229. 223.
    G. Schmitz and H. Rooze, Can. J. Chem., 66, 231 (1988).Google Scholar
  230. 224.
    A. Kumar and R. J. McCluskey, Ind. Engl Chem. Res., 26, 1323 (1987).Google Scholar
  231. 225.
    P. S. Radhakrishnamurti, N. K. Rath, and R. K. Panda, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 517 (1987).Google Scholar
  232. 226.
    J. R. Lindsay Smith, L. C. McKeer, and J. M. Taylor, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1533 (1987).Google Scholar
  233. 227.
    J. M. Antelo, F. Arce, J. Franco, M. C. Garcia Lopez, M. Sanchez, and A. Varela, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 20, 397 (1988).Google Scholar
  234. 228.
    B. S. Yiin, D. M. Walker, and D. W. Margerum, Inorg. Chem., 26, 3435 (1987).Google Scholar
  235. 229.
    B. S. Yiin and D. W. Margerum, Inorg. Chem., 27, 1670 (1988).Google Scholar
  236. 230.
    S. Rozen and M. Brand, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 752 (1987).Google Scholar
  237. 231.
    J. Dakka and Y. Sasson, J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., 1421 (1987).Google Scholar
  238. 232.
    Z. B. Alfassi, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 19, 777 (1987).Google Scholar
  239. 233.
    Z. B. Alfassi, A. Harriman, R. E. Hute, S. Mosseri, and P. Neta, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 2120 (1987).Google Scholar
  240. 234.
    L. Mathew and J. Warkentin, Can. J. Chem., 66, 11 (1988).Google Scholar
  241. 235.
    J. M. Tanko, P. S. Skell, and S. Seshadre, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 3221 (1988).Google Scholar
  242. 236.
    A. Mathur and K. K. Banjeri, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1645 (1987).Google Scholar
  243. 237.
    S. B. Jonnalagadda and G. K. Muthakia, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1539, (1987).Google Scholar
  244. 238.
    R. E. White, Inorg. Chem., 26, 3916 (1987).Google Scholar
  245. 239.
    R. J. Devoe, M. R. V. Sahyun, N. Serpone, and D. K. Sharma, Can. J. Chem., 65, 2342 (1987).Google Scholar
  246. 240.
    H. Mohan and K-D. Asmu, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 1795 (1987).Google Scholar
  247. 241.
    G. V. Buxton, C. Kilner, and R. M. Sellers, Proc. Tihany Symp. Radiat. Chem., 6, 155 (1987).Google Scholar
  248. 242.
    S. Anic and L. Kolar-Anic, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem. 91, 1010 (1987).Google Scholar
  249. 243.
    S. A. Kashlanov, N. N. Aleinikov, and F. I. Dubovitskii, Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Khim., 2678 (1987).Google Scholar
  250. 244.
    Z. Noszticzius and W. D. McCormick, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 4430 (1987).Google Scholar
  251. 245a.
    A. B. Rovinsky, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 5113 (1987).Google Scholar
  252. 245b.
    A. B. Rovinsky, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 4606 (1987).Google Scholar
  253. 246.
    R. P. Rastogi and G. P. Misra, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 3007 (1987).Google Scholar
  254. 247.
    Z. Noszticzius, W. D. McCormick, and H. L. Swinney, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 5129 (1987).Google Scholar
  255. 248a.
    L. AdamEikovi and P. SevEik, Coll. Czech. Chem. Commun, 52, 2375 (1987).Google Scholar
  256. 248b.
    L. AdamEikovi and P. SevEik, Coll. Czech. Chem. Commun., 52, 2125 (1987).Google Scholar
  257. 249.
    P. Ruoff, E. W. Hansen, and R. M. Noyes, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 3393 (1987).Google Scholar
  258. 250.
    F. D’Alba and S. DiLorenzo, J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1, 83, 267 (1987).Google Scholar
  259. 251.
    Q. Ouyang, W. Y. Tam, P. DeKepper, W. D. McCormick, Z. Noszticzius, and H. L. Swinney, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 2181 (1987).Google Scholar
  260. 252.
    F. Hynne and P. G. Stirensen, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 6573 (1987).Google Scholar
  261. 253a.
    L. Györgi, T. Deutsch, and E. Kõrös, Znt. J. Chem. Kinet., 19, 35 (1987).Google Scholar
  262. 253b.
    L. Gyorgi, T. Deutsch, and E. Kõrös, Int. J. Chem. Kinet., 19, 435 (1987).Google Scholar
  263. 254.
    M. Boukalouch, J. Elezgaray, A. Arneodo, J. Boissonade, and P. DeKepper, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 5843 (1987).Google Scholar
  264. 255.
    M. Menzinger, and A. Giraude, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 4391 (1987).Google Scholar
  265. 256.
    J. P. Laplante, P. Borckmans, G. Dewel, M. Giminez, and J. C. Micheau, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 3401 (1987).Google Scholar
  266. 257.
    O. Citri and I. R. Epstein, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 6034 (1987).Google Scholar
  267. 258.
    I. R. Epstein, J. Phys. Chem., 92, 1865 (1988).Google Scholar
  268. 259.
    G. Ribai and M. T. Beck, J. Phys. Chem., 92, 2804 (1988).Google Scholar
  269. 260.
    R. H. Simonyi and R. M. Noyes, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 2689 (1987).Google Scholar
  270. 261.
    R. H. Simonyi, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 1557 (1987).Google Scholar
  271. 262a.
    V. Gaśpár and K. Showalter, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 4869 (1987).Google Scholar
  272. b.
    E. C. Edblom, L. Györgyi, M. Orban, and I. R. Epstein, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 4876 (1987).Google Scholar
  273. 263.
    M. Orbàn and I. R. Epstein, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 101 (1987).Google Scholar
  274. 264.
    Q. Ouyang and P. DeKepper, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 6040 (1987).Google Scholar
  275. 265.
    S. Furrow, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 2129 (1987).Google Scholar
  276. 266.
    S. Anić and L. Kolar-Anić, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 91, 1010 (1987).Google Scholar
  277. 267.
    E. Koch and Zs. Nagy-Ungvarai, Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 91, 1375 (1987).Google Scholar
  278. 268.
    P. Ruoff, M. Vargo, and E. Koros, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 5332 (1987).Google Scholar
  279. 269.
    M. B. Rubin, R. M. Noyes, and K. W. Smith, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 1618 (1987).Google Scholar
  280. 270a.
    R. J. Field, F. W. Schneider, Chem. Unserer, Zeit, 22, 17 (1988).Google Scholar
  281. b.
    S. K. Scott, Acc. Chem. Res., 20, 186 (1987).Google Scholar
  282. 271.
    S. Furrow, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 1707 (1987).Google Scholar
  283. 272.
    L. Kuhneit and H. J. Krug, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 730 (1987).Google Scholar
  284. 273.
    A. Pagola and C. Vidal, J. Phys. Chem., 91, 501 (1987).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. V. Twigg
    • 1
  1. 1.Imperial Chemical Industries P.L.C.Billingham, ClevelandUK

Personalised recommendations