Eddy-Current Detection Methods for Surface-Breaking Tight Cracks

  • Norio Nakagawa

Abstract

The eddy-current (EC) NDE method has been in use for quite some time, and efforts have been made to make it a fully quantitative method. To evaluate impedance signals for a given EC inspection system, one has to characterize the system as a whole, including both probes and specimens. In particular, until probes are characterized, the electromagnetic fields cannot be calculated. Naturally, the amount of numerical computation becomes a serious issue during the course of development. It is necessary to choose probes carefully so as to maximize the flaw-characterization capability, while keeping numerical tasks within a reasonable size. Probes that are suitable for quantitative assessment are presumably different in nature from those with maximum detection capability. Among all kinds of existing probes, the simplest characterizable probe is the uniform-field-eddy-current (UFEC) probe. In fact, a series of studies, both theoretical and experimental, were devoted to demonstrating potential capabilities of UFEC probes [1–9]. The present theoretical work is another entry in this series. The numerical procedure developed in this work is limited to the case where cracks are tightly closed. The procedure is nevertheless capable, in principle, of dealing with an arbitrary range of frequencies.

Keywords

Fatigue Microwave 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norio Nakagawa
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for NDE and Ames LaboratoryIowa State UniversityAmesUSA

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